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Why Would Prosthetic Arms Need to See or Connect to Cloud AI?

Based on “Connected Arms”, a keynote talk at the O’Reilly AI Conference delivered by Joseph Sirosh, CTO for AI at Microsoft. Content reposted from this O’Reilly Media website.

There are over 1 million new amputees every year, i.e. one every 30 seconds – a truly shocking statistic.

The World Health Organization estimates that between 30 to 100 million people around the world are living with limb loss today. Unfortunately, only 5-15% of this population has access to prosthetic devices.

Although prostheses have been around since ancient times, their successful use has been severely limited for millennia by several factors, with cost being the major one. Although it is possible to get sophisticated bionic arms today, the cost of such devices runs into tens of thousands of dollars. These devices are just not widely available today. What’s more, having these devices interface satisfactorily with the human body has been a massive issue, partly due to the challenges of working with the human nervous system. Such devices generally need to be tailored to work with each individual’s nervous system, a process that often requires expensive surgery.

Is it possible for a new generation of human beings to finally help us break through these long-standing barriers?

Can prosthetic devices learn to adapt to us, as opposed to the other way around?

A Personalized Prosthetic Arm for $100?

In his talk, Joseph informs us about how, using the combination of:

  • Low-cost off-the-shelf electronics,
  • 3D-printing, and
  • Cloud AI, for intelligent, learned, personalized behavior,

it is now becoming possible to deliver prosthetic arms at a price point of around $100.

Joseph takes the smartARM as an example of such a breakthrough device. A prototype built by two undergraduate students from Canada who recently won the first prize in Microsoft’s Imagine Cup, the smartARM is 3D-printed, has a camera in the palm of its hand and is connected to the cloud. The magic is in the cloud, where a computer vision service recognizes the objects seen by the camera. Deep learning algorithms then generate the precise finger movements needed to grasp the object near the arm. Essentially, the cloud vision service classifies the object and generates the right grip or action, such as a pincer action to pick up a bunch of keys on a ring, or a palmar action to pick up a wineglass. The grip itself is a learned behavior which can be trained and customized.

The user of the prosthetic arm triggers the grip (or its release) by flexing any muscle of their choice on their body, for instance, their upper arm muscle. A myoelectric sensor located in a band that is strapped over that muscle detects the signal and triggers the grip or its release.

Simple, Adaptable Architecture

The architecture of this grip classification solution is shown below. The input to the raspberry pi on the smartARM comes from camera and the muscle sensor. These inputs are sent to the Azure Custom Vision Service, an API in the cloud which has been trained on grip classifications and is able to output the appropriate grip. This grip is sent back to an Arduino board in the smartARM which can then trigger the servo motors that realize that grip in the physical world, i.e. as soon as the smartARM gets the signal to do so from the muscle sensor.

This is an adaptable architecture. It can be customized to the kinds of movements you want this arm to generate. For instance, the specific individual using this prosthetic can customize the grips for the objects in their daily life which are the ones they care the most about. The muscle sensor -based trigger could be replaced with a speech trigger, if so desired.

Summary

AI is empowering a new generation of developers to explore all sorts of novel ideas and mashups. Through his talk on “Connected Arms”, Joseph shows us how the future of prosthetic devices can be transformed by the power of the cloud and AI. Imagine a world in which all future assistive devices are empowered with AI in this fashion. Devices would adapt to individuals, rather than the other way around. Assistive devices will become more affordable, intelligent, cloud-powered and personalized.

Cloud AI is letting us build unexpected things that we would scarcely have imagined.

Such as like an arm that can see.

The AI / ML Blog Team

For Sale – ASUS Strix GTX 970 4GB

No issues, Card only.
Looking for £100 delivered, no offers.

This is the card: STRIX-GTX970-DC2OC-4GD5 | Graphics Cards | ASUS United Kingdom

Thanks

Price and currency: £100
Delivery: Delivery cost is included within my country
Payment method: PPG/BACS
Location: Hartlepool
Advertised elsewhere?: Not advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I have no preference

______________________________________________________
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For Sale – Dell XPS 9360 – 8th Gen i7 8550U / 16GB Ram / 512GB SSD / QHD Touchscreen etc – £726 delivered

** REDUCED 6/9/2018 TO £726 DELIVERED **

I have for sale my seldom used XPS 9360

It was purchased from Currys on 23/03/2018 and the Dell warranty shows a warranty expiry date of 12/06/2019 – So 10 months warranty remaining on this.
I have the receipt I can include for warranty purposes.

It is fully boxed in great condition. The machine is mint apart from a few marks on the edges of the metal casing where the hard case I am using on it has bit into the metal. Please see the image below for a visual representation of this. In total there are 4 or 5 marks like this across the edges of the laptop. Apart from that, the laptop is mint.

Full spec is as follows:

Dell XPS 9360
i7 8550U Gen 8 CPU @ 1.8GHZ – Boosts to 4Ghz
16GB Ram
512GB SSD
13.3″ QHD 3200×1800 Touchscreen (no dead pixels)
Intel UHD 620 Graphics
1.2kg
Windows 10 Home

Paid £1499 less than 6 months ago, looking for £726 (was £795 then £775 then £749) to include delivery.

Advertised elsewhere

Bank transfer only.

Price and currency: £726
Delivery: Delivery cost is included within my country
Payment method: Bank Transfer
Location: Croydon, Surrey
Advertised elsewhere?: Advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I have no preference

______________________________________________________
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For Sale – Crucial 2 X 4GB DDR4 2400Mhz + BenQ EW277HDR 27 Inch Full HD HDR Monitor

Crucial 2 X 4GB DDR4 2400Mhz

Only a couple of months old selling as I have upgraded

£55 delivered (I can’t post this until mid next week so please keep this in mind)

————————-

BenQ EW277HDR 27 Inch Full HD HDR Monitor This is a 1080p monitor in great condition. It is only 2 months old and fully boxed. Selling due to moving to a 1440p monitor Look at the reviews for this monitor and you won’t find a bad one. It’s a very highly recommended monitor

£120 delivered

Price and currency: £Various
Delivery: Delivery cost is included within my country
Payment method: bank transfer
Location: stoke on trent
Advertised elsewhere?: Advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I have no preference

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Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

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  • Name and address including postcode
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DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

For Sale – Crucial 2 X 4GB DDR4 2400Mhz + BenQ EW277HDR 27 Inch Full HD HDR Monitor

Crucial 2 X 4GB DDR4 2400Mhz

Only a couple of months old selling as I have upgraded

£55 delivered (I can’t post this until mid next week so please keep this in mind)

————————-

BenQ EW277HDR 27 Inch Full HD HDR Monitor This is a 1080p monitor in great condition. It is only 2 months old and fully boxed. Selling due to moving to a 1440p monitor Look at the reviews for this monitor and you won’t find a bad one. It’s a very highly recommended monitor

£120 delivered

Price and currency: £Various
Delivery: Delivery cost is included within my country
Payment method: bank transfer
Location: stoke on trent
Advertised elsewhere?: Advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I have no preference

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
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DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

For Sale – Crucial 2 X 4GB DDR4 2400Mhz + Asus VX24AH 1440p monitor IPS 24 inch

Crucial 2 X 4GB DDR4 2400Mhz

Only a couple of months old selling as I have upgraded

£55 delivered (I can’t post this until mid next week so please keep this in mind)

————————-

Asus VX24AH 1440p monitor IPS 24 inch

I recently bought another 1440p monitor so I’m going to sell this one

It’s in perfect condition from what I can see with no major marks. It is fully boxed so postage won’t be an issue

On ebay these are selling for upwards of £150 so I’m asking £140 delivered for this excellent monitor. Collection from Stoke on trent is possible

In perfect condition and fully boxed

£140 delivered

Price and currency: £Various
Delivery: Delivery cost is included within my country
Payment method: bank transfer
Location: stoke on trent
Advertised elsewhere?: Advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I have no preference

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

For Sale – Crucial 2 X 4GB DDR4 2400Mhz + Asus VX24AH 1440p monitor IPS 24 inch

Crucial 2 X 4GB DDR4 2400Mhz

Only a couple of months old selling as I have upgraded

£55 delivered (I can’t post this until mid next week so please keep this in mind)

————————-

Asus VX24AH 1440p monitor IPS 24 inch

I recently bought another 1440p monitor so I’m going to sell this one

It’s in perfect condition from what I can see with no major marks. It is fully boxed so postage won’t be an issue

On ebay these are selling for upwards of £150 so I’m asking £140 delivered for this excellent monitor. Collection from Stoke on trent is possible

In perfect condition and fully boxed

£140 delivered

Price and currency: £Various
Delivery: Delivery cost is included within my country
Payment method: bank transfer
Location: stoke on trent
Advertised elsewhere?: Advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I have no preference

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

For Sale – Crucial 2 X 4GB DDR4 2400Mhz + BenQ EW277HDR 27 Inch Full HD 1080p monitor

Crucial 2 X 4GB DDR4 2400Mhz

Only a couple of months old selling as I have upgraded

£55 delivered (I can’t post this until mid next week so please keep this in mind)

————————-

BenQ EW277HDR 27 Inch Full HD 1080p monitor

Couple of months old in perfect condition and fully boxed

£140 delivered

Price and currency: £Various
Delivery: Delivery cost is included within my country
Payment method: bank transfer
Location: stoke on trent
Advertised elsewhere?: Advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I have no preference

______________________________________________________
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For Sale – Hard drives for sale – Kingston 120gb ssd-Samsung 1.5tb-western 2gb

Kingston hyperx savage Shss37a 120gb solid state drive – £35 delivered

Samsung HD154UI 3.5” hard drive (no warrenty works perfect) £25 delivered

Western digital WD20EARX 3.5” hard drive (no warrenty works perfect £25 delivered.

Will do all 3 cheaper if someone wants

Price and currency: £35 £25
Delivery: Delivery cost is included within my country
Payment method: PayPal gift or bt
Location: London
Advertised elsewhere?: Not advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I have no preference

______________________________________________________
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  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

Powering our customers: the innovation story behind Microsoft’s earnings – The Official Microsoft Blog

With Microsoft’s fourth quarter earnings, we delivered double-digit revenue growth across all segments anchored by the growing success in our commercial cloud as technology helps our customers power their innovation. Recently organizations like GE, PGA, NBA, Marks & Spencer, Starbucks, InMobi  Bayer and Telefonica shared how they are leveraging cloud and artificial intelligence to support growth and deliver great employee and customer experiences. Across industries and solution areas, here are some of the latest examples.

This week we unveiled a strategic partnership with Walmart as the company’s preferred cloud provider and strategic partner to accelerate its digital transformation in retail. Through a five-year agreement, Walmart has selected the full range of Microsoft cloud solutions, including Microsoft Azure and Microsoft 365 for enterprise-wide use, to help standardize across the company’s family of brands. Using a broad base of cloud, AI and Internet of Things (IoT) solutions, the company plans to further its mission in creating incredibly convenient ways for customers to shop and empower associates to do their best work.

We announced Campbell Soup Company selected Microsoft Azure. The much-loved soup and snack company announced plans to drive IT transformation with the help a global hybrid cloud solution. Campbell chose Azure to increase the flexibility, agility and resiliency of its always-on IT, provide employees with real-time access to customized information and insights, and optimize its complex supply chain.

At Microsoft Inspire this week, I was also thrilled to feature on stage Carlsberg and its ongoing digital transformation. For 171 years, the Carlsberg Group has been brewing for a better today and tomorrow. Now, the iconic brewery group is leveraging AI and IoT on Azure to bring more science to the craft of beer, increase speed to market and improve quality control through the “Beer Fingerprinting Project.”

Also onstage at Inspire, Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella shared how Walt Disney World Resort technology and conservation teams partnered with Microsoft to help develop the “tiniest smart homes” for the songbirds called purple martins. Purple martins are a unique species of bird that travel between South and North America each year to raise a family, but unfortunately their population is in decline. By outfitting birdhouses at Disney’s Animal Kingdom, using Azure IoT Edge with computer vision and building models to recognize important events, Disney scientists are able to learn more about the species and help inspire a new generation of conservationists in the parks. The scientists have unprecedented insight now into the nesting behavior of the purple martins. They are also creating new experiences for guests and have even built an augmented reality game on a tablet to help guests learn about what it takes to be a great purple martin parent.

We are seeing additional momentum in Azure IoT with one of our first customers for the new Azure Sphere. For more than 70 years, Sub-Zero and Wolf have built a legacy of innovation in food preservation and preparation. As the company looks toward the next wave of innovation, along with its new Cove dishwasher brand, Sub-Zero sees an opportunity to create more personalized experiences through connected products. Securing these products over the lifetime of the device is a top priority, and they are planning to use Azure Sphere as a comprehensive solution for future products to address security holistically at every layer.

When it comes to the modern workplace solution, we are seeing continued momentum across customers in the enterprise. The nearly 40,000 employees of Eli Lilly are on a mission to make medicines that help people live longer, healthier, more active lives. That is why Lilly takes a collaborative approach to discovering and developing new medicines — between lab researchers and the rest of the company, as well as with a global network of physicians, medical researchers and healthcare organizations — and has selected Microsoft 365 to bring together scientists across hundreds of locations and organizations and truly empower the workforce.

Across our Windows 10 and Surface business, we see customers taking advantage of how the right device can light up the modern workplace for employees. Melbourne-based infrastructure, building and rail leader John Holland selected 1,200 Surface Pros with LTE to power its field workers across large geographical construction zones. Using cellular and Wi-Fi, the Surface devices seamlessly connect workers with key information like blueprints and documents at project sites. As a Microsoft 365 E5 customer, the company has also deployed Surface Hub and Surface Book 2 devices. By standardizing on Microsoft modern workplace, John Holland is helping deliver a better experience to employees and a higher standard to customers.

With growing investments in Dynamics 365 as our third cloud, we are continuing to drive value for customers across various industries. National Oilwell Varco (NOV), a leading provider of technology, equipment and services for the global oil and gas industry, is deploying Dynamics 365 across its sales and field service networks worldwide. This deployment enables NOV to optimize productivity and minimize downtime by streamlining business processes and delivering a mobile-first approach to field service operations. NOV is investing in state-of-the-art technology and cloud services to deliver premier, customized experiences to customers.

Across every industry, businesses are expanding their digital business. These are just some of the most recent examples of leading enterprises choosing Microsoft solutions to help them transform customer experiences, fuel employee creativity and collaboration, innovate operations and bring new products to market.

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