Tag Archives: Early

For Sale – Macbook Air 13 inch (Early 2015) 1.6GHZ 8GB RAM | 256GB Flash Storage

Macbook Air 13 inch (Early 2015) 1.6GHZ 8GB RAM | 256GB Flash Storage

Bought direct from Apple 3 years ago. I’ve had zero issues with it, or repairs.

It’s been in a case 100% of the time, so it’s in fantastic condition.

The laptop always had Kaspersky and/or Norton antivirus software on it. Although, I have since wiped everything and reset to its factory settings—ready for you to use!

There is a tiny scratch on the bottom-left of the screen (scratch, not crack), but its barely noticeable. Honestly. It’s as thin as a hair. (See zoomed-in photo).

Also, and I wasn’t going to point this out as it’s so small but wanted to be transparent—if you look at the back of the Mac (from the photo), there’s a tiny ‘dent’. Dent is an over-exaggeration, but I can’t find another word to describe it. It’s more like a spot. Located middle/top right.

Photos demonstrate the laptop booting up and working.

Comes with:

  • Working charger
  • Original box
  • Cables
  • Manual

£450 + postage.

Price and currency: 450
Delivery: Delivery cost is not included
Payment method: PayPal
Location: London
Advertised elsewhere?: Not advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I have no preference

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

For Sale – Macbook Air 13 inch (Early 2015) 1.6GHZ 8GB RAM | 256GB Flash Storage

Macbook Air 13 inch (Early 2015) 1.6GHZ 8GB RAM | 256GB Flash Storage

Bought direct from Apple 3 years ago. I’ve had zero issues with it, or repairs.

It’s been in a case 100% of the time, so it’s in fantastic condition.

The laptop always had Kaspersky and/or Norton antivirus software on it. Although, I have since wiped everything and reset to its factory settings—ready for you to use!

There is a tiny scratch on the bottom-left of the screen (scratch, not crack), but its barely noticeable. Honestly. It’s as thin as a hair. (See zoomed-in photo).

Also, and I wasn’t going to point this out as it’s so small but wanted to be transparent—if you look at the back of the Mac (from the photo), there’s a tiny ‘dent’. Dent is an over-exaggeration, but I can’t find another word to describe it. It’s more like a spot. Located middle/top right.

Photos demonstrate the laptop booting up and working.

Comes with:

  • Working charger
  • Original box
  • Cables
  • Manual

£450 + postage.

Price and currency: 450
Delivery: Delivery cost is not included
Payment method: PayPal
Location: London
Advertised elsewhere?: Not advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I have no preference

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

For Sale – Macbook Air 13 inch (Early 2015) 1.6GHZ 8GB RAM | 256GB Flash Storage

Macbook Air 13 inch (Early 2015) 1.6GHZ 8GB RAM | 256GB Flash Storage

Bought direct from Apple 3 years ago. I’ve had zero issues with it, or repairs.

It’s been in a case 100% of the time, so it’s in fantastic condition.

The laptop always had Kaspersky and/or Norton antivirus software on it. Although, I have since wiped everything and reset to its factory settings—ready for you to use!

There is a tiny scratch on the bottom-left of the screen (scratch, not crack), but its barely noticeable. Honestly. It’s as thin as a hair. (See zoomed-in photo).

Also, and I wasn’t going to point this out as it’s so small but wanted to be transparent—if you look at the back of the Mac (from the photo), there’s a tiny ‘dent’. Dent is an over-exaggeration, but I can’t find another word to describe it. It’s more like a spot. Located middle/top right.

Photos demonstrate the laptop booting up and working.

Comes with:

  • Working charger
  • Original box
  • Cables
  • Manual

£450 + postage.

Price and currency: 450
Delivery: Delivery cost is not included
Payment method: PayPal
Location: London
Advertised elsewhere?: Not advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I have no preference

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

For Sale – Macbook Air 13 inch (Early 2015) 1.6GHZ 8GB RAM | 256GB Flash Storage

Macbook Air 13 inch (Early 2015) 1.6GHZ 8GB RAM | 256GB Flash Storage

Bought direct from Apple 3 years ago. I’ve had zero issues with it, or repairs.

It’s been in a case 100% of the time, so it’s in fantastic condition.

The laptop always had Kaspersky and/or Norton antivirus software on it. Although, I have since wiped everything and reset to its factory settings—ready for you to use!

There is a tiny scratch on the bottom-left of the screen (scratch, not crack), but its barely noticeable. Honestly. It’s as thin as a hair. (See zoomed-in photo).

Also, and I wasn’t going to point this out as it’s so small but wanted to be transparent—if you look at the back of the Mac (from the photo), there’s a tiny ‘dent’. Dent is an over-exaggeration, but I can’t find another word to describe it. It’s more like a spot. Located middle/top right.

Photos demonstrate the laptop booting up and working.

Comes with:

  • Working charger
  • Original box
  • Cables
  • Manual

£450 + postage.

Price and currency: 450
Delivery: Delivery cost is not included
Payment method: PayPal
Location: London
Advertised elsewhere?: Not advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I have no preference

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

What’s in it for the enterprise at 2018 Apple event? Apple Watch, AR

Early September has become synonymous with the unveiling of new Apple devices.

Past Apple events have oozed with intrigue and sparkled with innovation. This year’s event, while impressive in parts, seemed to land with a shrug — more on that later.

On the docket at the 2018 Apple event: three new iPhone models, a new medical-grade Apple Watch and improvements to Apple’s ARKit 2 to allow for more immersive augmented reality experiences, among other things.

The biggest news at the 2018 Apple event for enterprise’s revolved around the Watch Series 4, not the new iPhones, said Tuong Nguyen, principal research analyst at Gartner. New built-in electrocardiogram, or ECG, and heart rhythm features are compelling, but what’s even more interesting to him is the device has Food and Drug Administration approval — something Nguyen said he sees as a true differentiator and selling point.

“Approval potentially clears the way for a number of things, including more users [being] amenable to adopting the Watch because of the implied effectiveness that comes with the approval; it potentially opens the door for insurance providers to evaluate the device for coverage purposes; and it could spur competition to get approval, as well,” he said.

That’s all good news for the smartwatch industry, which has struggled in the past. But what’s it mean for the enterprise?

So far, adoption of smartwatches and other health wearables hasn’t been huge, Nguyen said. But this renewed interest may force enterprises to take a closer look at how to manage such devices and the data on it. 

“This may involve changes in staffing, skill sets and infrastructure,” he said. “If insurance providers get involved, it might also be another way to incentivize employees to ‘get moving,’ as Apple puts it, which will make the impact on IT more urgent, as well.”

Annette Zimmermann, research vice president at Gartner, said she also sees the new Watch’s emergency call function — which detects a fall and automatically calls emergency services after one minute of immobility — as a great feature for enterprises with remote workers.

“I’ve talked to a lot of IT leaders over the past 12 months that want to track lone workers and look for technology with what they call a ‘man down incident’ response. The Apple Watch Series 4 can help with this use case,” Zimmermann said.

Where’s the spark?

Industry analysts, by and large, dismissed the 2018 Apple event as big on aggrandizement and short on surprises. The touted improvements were judged more additive than earthshaking.

Smartphones — including Apple’s — have gotten so good that it’s difficult for most people to tell the difference or care.
Tuong Nguyenprincipal research analyst at Gartner

“For me, it looked like [Apple unveiled] incremental, bigger and more expensive devices,” said Forrester Research analyst Jeffrey Hammond, who added that nothing shown at the event stood out to him as particularly impactful.

Gartner’s Nguyen said he was also underwhelmed by this year’s Apple event, which some have even begun calling “one of the most disappointing iPhone launches in recent memory.”

“I don’t think there was much to share in terms of what is that much better on the S models,” he said. “Smartphones — including Apple’s — have gotten so good that it’s difficult for most people to tell the difference or care; so, often times, buying new phones comes down to prestige. As in, I have to tell you it’s the latest [iteration of a device], because you may not notice otherwise.”

Part of the issue is our rising expectations, said R Ray Wang, principal analyst at Constellation Research. We often expect grand, innovative strides forward, but mobile technology has advanced so much that perhaps all we should really expect from here on out are incremental improvements. Even if more newsworthy technology advancements do exist out there in the ether, cost is often a limiting factor in what can go into a wide-release device.

“For example, while the technology for a clear-glass iPhone is there, it’s way too expensive,” Wang said.  “Having a camera on the Apple Watch would be awesome, but that’s still not cost-effective.”

Time will tell how much longer this near-term, incremental strategy help Apple differentiate itself from its competitors.

Don’t forget about AR

The part of this 2018 Apple event that stood out the most to Alan Lepofsky, principal analyst at Constellation Research, was Apple’s continued focus and innovation around augmented reality. While images of headsets for virtual reality are perhaps more common due to their proliferation in science fiction, Lepofsky said AR offers far more practical impact, with a fraction of the barriers to entry.

“With iPhones and ARKit, it is simple for people to enhance what they see on screen with augmented data and insights,” Lepofsky said. “While most of the applications available today are for use in our personal lives, I expect to see an explosion of business-related applications coming soon.”

Hammond agreed there were some interesting AR demos that have potential, but he said AR on a phone or tablet is always going to hit a certain level of immersiveness and struggle to move beyond it. “So, I fear we may be in this cycle of incremental releases until we get truly decent hands-free devices as our next big leap,” Hammond said.

For Sale – Macbook Air 13 inch (Early 2015) 1.6GHZ 8GB RAM | 256GB Flash Storage

Macbook Air 13 inch (Early 2015) 1.6GHZ 8GB RAM | 256GB Flash Storage

Bought direct from Apple 3 years ago. I’ve had zero issues with it, or repairs.

It’s been in a case 100% of the time, so it’s in fantastic condition.

The laptop always had Kaspersky and/or Norton antivirus software on it. Although, I have since wiped everything and reset to its factory settings—ready for you to use!

There is a tiny scratch on the bottom-left of the screen (scratch, not crack), but its barely noticeable. Honestly. It’s as thin as a hair. (See zoomed-in photo).

Also, and I wasn’t going to point this out as it’s so small but wanted to be transparent—if you look at the back of the Mac (from the photo), there’s a tiny ‘dent’. Dent is an over-exaggeration, but I can’t find another word to describe it. It’s more like a spot. Located middle/top right.

Photos demonstrate the laptop booting up and working.

Comes with:

  • Working charger
  • Original box
  • Cables
  • Manual

£450 + postage.

Price and currency: 450
Delivery: Delivery cost is not included
Payment method: PayPal
Location: London
Advertised elsewhere?: Not advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I have no preference

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

For Sale – Macbook Air 13 inch (Early 2015) 1.6GHZ 8GB RAM | 256GB Flash Storage

Macbook Air 13 inch (Early 2015) 1.6GHZ 8GB RAM | 256GB Flash Storage

Bought direct from Apple 3 years ago. I’ve had zero issues with it, or repairs.

It’s been in a case 100% of the time, so it’s in fantastic condition.

The laptop always had Kaspersky and/or Norton antivirus software on it. Although, I have since wiped everything and reset to its factory settings—ready for you to use!

There is a tiny scratch on the bottom-left of the screen (scratch, not crack), but its barely noticeable. Honestly. It’s as thin as a hair. (See zoomed-in photo).

Also, and I wasn’t going to point this out as it’s so small but wanted to be transparent—if you look at the back of the Mac (from the photo), there’s a tiny ‘dent’. Dent is an over-exaggeration, but I can’t find another word to describe it. It’s more like a spot. Located middle/top right.

Photos demonstrate the laptop booting up and working.

Comes with:

  • Working charger
  • Original box
  • Cables
  • Manual

£450 + postage.

Price and currency: 450
Delivery: Delivery cost is not included
Payment method: PayPal
Location: London
Advertised elsewhere?: Not advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I have no preference

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

For Sale – Macbook Air 13 inch (Early 2015) 1.6GHZ 8GB RAM | 256GB Flash Storage

Macbook Air 13 inch (Early 2015) 1.6GHZ 8GB RAM | 256GB Flash Storage

Bought direct from Apple 3 years ago. I’ve had zero issues with it, or repairs.

It’s been in a case 100% of the time, so it’s in fantastic condition.

The laptop always had Kaspersky and/or Norton antivirus software on it. Although, I have since wiped everything and reset to its factory settings—ready for you to use!

There is a tiny scratch on the bottom-left of the screen (scratch, not crack), but its barely noticeable. Honestly. It’s as thin as a hair. (See zoomed-in photo).

Also, and I wasn’t going to point this out as it’s so small but wanted to be transparent—if you look at the back of the Mac (from the photo), there’s a tiny ‘dent’. Dent is an over-exaggeration, but I can’t find another word to describe it. It’s more like a spot. Located middle/top right.

Photos demonstrate the laptop booting up and working.

Comes with:

  • Working charger
  • Original box
  • Cables
  • Manual

£450 + postage.

Price and currency: 450
Delivery: Delivery cost is not included
Payment method: PayPal
Location: London
Advertised elsewhere?: Not advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I have no preference

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

Approaches for embedding human ethics in AI systems

SAN DIEGO — It may be early days for AI, but it’s not too early to start thinking about the ethical considerations around the technology. In fact, today is a defining moment for AI ethics, said Gartner research vice president Darin Stewart at this week’s Gartner Catalyst event in San Diego.

“The decisions we make now are going to sit at the core of our models for years and continue to evolve, continue grow and continue to learn,” said Stewart during his session. “So we need to set them on a firm ethical foundation so that as they grow through the years they’ll continue to reflect our values.”

The crux is that, right now, embedding ethics in AI systems is a low priority for most. The focus is mostly on AI control — making sure systems do what they’re supposed to do and having a few corrective measures if things go wrong. But, as Stewart said, putting in a “big red button” to hit when things go very wrong isn’t enough. By that time it’s already too late.

What we need in our AI solutions is something Stewart calls “value alignment.”

“We need some assurance that when these systems make predictions, come to conclusions, give us recommendations and make decisions that they’re going to reflect our values,” he said. “And not just our personal values as its creator, but the values of the organization we serve and the community or society that it exists within.”

Stewart admitted that value alignment might seem above IT practitioners’ paygrade, but he certainly doesn’t see it that way.

“The developers, the engineers and the designers are in the vanguard,” he said. “You all are best positions to take those steps to move us closer to that value alignment.”

What steps can IT practitioners take to embed human values and ethics in AI?

Darin Stewart, research vice president, Gartner
Darin Stewart talks about the urgent need to develop an AI ethics strategy at the Gartner Catalyst event this week.

A measure of fairness

For starters, they can make sure they aren’t directly inserting bias into algorithms. Bias is more or less ubiquitous in machine learning, Stewart said. It arises when the AI model makes predictions and decisions based on sensitive or prohibited attributes — things like race, gender, sexual orientation and religion.

We need some assurance that when these systems make predictions, come to conclusions, give us recommendations and make decisions that they’re going to reflect our values.
Darin Stewartresearch vice president, Gartner

Fortunately, there are effective techniques for removing bias in data sets, Stewart said. But IT practitioners need to make sure it never gets in the model in the first place. At the very beginning, they need to articulate — and document — measures of fairness and the algorithm’s priorities. A measure of fairness is what constitutes equitable and consistent treatment for all groups participating in a system or solution. Stewart said there are a lot of guidelines available for use — many for free.

“At the very beginning, when you’re building the product, decide explicitly and intentionally what that measure of fairness is going to be and optimize your algorithms to reflect both the values statement you create and that measure of fairness,” he said. “Then use the boundaries as constraints on the training process itself.”

The United States has had a doctrine of discrimination since the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which defines types of discriminatory intent and permissible use of race. Start there, Stewart said.

“Ideally, we will have higher standards, but the locally- set, legal definition of acceptable discrimination should be the bare minimum you work with,” he said.

Pay attention to your AI solution in the real world

AI and machine learning systems rarely behave the same in the real world as they did in testing, Stewart said. That can pose a problem for ensuring ethics in AI.

“The problem is that once we release our solutions into the real world, we stop paying attention to the inputs it’s feeding off of in the real world,” he said. “We don’t pay attention to the inputs that are still continuing to train and evolve the model, and that’s where things start to go wrong.”

He points to the now infamous case of the Microsoft Tay chatbot, which was the target of a malicious attack by Twitter trolls that biased the system beyond repair. That’s why Stewart emphasizes the importance of consistently and continually inspecting training data.

“Kind of like stalking your kids on social media, you need to keep an eye on your solutions once they are released into the real world,” Stewart said. That includes regularly testing and auditing the AI systems.

Instilling ethics in AI: The ‘centaur’ approach

At this point in time, Stewart said we usually don’t want to turn decisions entirely over to the AI system. If you are just trying to automate data entry into a spreadsheet or speed up the throughput of an assembly line, then it’s fine to do so, he said. But if you are creating a system that is going to “materially impact someone’s life,” you should have a human being in the loop who understands why decisions are being made.

“You don’t want a doctor performing surgery just because the AI said so,” he said. Decisions ideally are made by combining machine intelligence, which can deal with exponentially more data than humans can, with human intelligence, which can account for factors that may not have been in the data set. “We’re looking for centaurs rather than robots.”

For Sale – Apple MacBook Pro SSD – Samsung Apple 256GB SSD (MZ-JPV256S/0A4)

I upgraded the SSD on my MacBook Pro 13″ Early 2015 so I am selling the 256GB that came with the machine.

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The manufacturer date is January 2017.
As I mentioned previously, this has been taken out from a MBP 13″ Early 2015 laptop but I believe this SSD is compatible with 2013 – 2015 MBP Retinas. I offer no guarantee for this.

Price and currency: 150
Delivery: Delivery cost is included within my country
Payment method: Bank Transfer
Location: Edinburgh
Advertised elsewhere?: Advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I prefer the goods to be collected

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.