Tag Archives: Generation

WPA3 Wi-Fi protocol aims to improve security in 2018

The Wi-Fi Alliance introduced the next generation of Wi-Fi Protected Access — WPA3 — which aims to improve password security as well as security for IoT devices.

The industry will begin rolling out the WPA3 Wi-Fi protocol in products in 2018 and replace WPA2, meaning vendors will have to follow the security standard in order to carry the “Wi-Fi Certified” branding.

In an official announcement from CES in Las Vegas, the Wi-Fi Alliance noted that the WPA3 Wi-Fi protocol will include “four new capabilities for personal and enterprise Wi-Fi networks.”

“Two of the features will deliver robust protections even when users choose passwords that fall short of typical complexity recommendations, and will simplify the process of configuring security for devices that have limited or no display interface. Another feature will strengthen user privacy in open networks through individualized data encryption,” the Wi-Fi Alliance wrote. “Finally, a 192-bit security suite, aligned with the Commercial National Security Algorithm (CNSA) Suite from the Committee on National Security Systems, will further protect Wi-Fi networks with higher security requirements such as government, defense, and industrial.”

According to Mathy Vanhoef, a network security and applied cryptography post-doctoral candidate and one of the researchers behind the WPA2 KRACK vulnerability which took advantage of the WPA2 four-way handshake network connection process to produce a man-in-the-middle exploit. WPA3 implements a more secure handshake that should help prevent brute force password attacks.

Marc Bevand, former security engineer at Google, described in a Hacker News forum post how this type of password authenticated key exchange (PAKE) can prevent attacks online and off.

“[Offline, an attacker] can try to decrypt the packet with candidate passwords, but he does not know when he guesses the right one, because a successful decryption will reveal [values that] are indistinguishable from random data. And even if he guessed right, he would obtain [public keys], but would not be able to decrypt any further communications as the use of Diffie-Hellman makes it impossible to calculate the encryption key,” Bevand wrote. “[Online,] if he actively [man-in-the-middles] the connection and pretends to be the legitimate server, he can send his own [key and password] to the client using one guessed candidate password. If he guessed wrong … each authentication attempt gives him only one chance to test one password. If, out of frustration, the client tries to retype the password and re-auth three times, then the attacker can at most try to guess three candidate passwords. He can’t brute force many passwords.”

Additionally, experts noted that the WPA3 Wi-Fi protocol improvements to “configuring security for devices that have limited or no display interface” could help improve security on IoT devices, but not all experts, like Tom Van de Wiele, principal cyber security consultant and red-teamer at F-Secure, were optimistic about the possibility.

Generation at risk of falling behind in tech skills unless computing education funding improves, report finds

A tenfold increase in computing education funding is needed or the UK risks seeing an entire generation fail to have the technology skills needed for the future, a new report has found.

The Royal Society study, which was co-funded by Microsoft, found that more than half of schools in England do not offer a GCSE in Computer Science, leaving many young people without critical experience in coding and programming.

It is estimated that around 85% of the jobs that will exist in 2030 haven’t been invented yet, and these will require skills in areas such as robotics, artificial intelligence and machine learning.

In order to prepare the next generation for advances in technology, the Royal Society, the UK’s national academy of sciences, said more than £60 million needed to be injected into computing education over the next five years – a tenfold increase from current levels. This would give the area the same support as maths and physics.

School provision of GCSE Computing in 2015-16

Cindy Rose, Chief Executive of Microsoft UK, said: “Microsoft is dramatically scaling up its digital skills programme in the UK and we believe now is the time for the Government to do the same. The risk, if we don’t make these investments now, is that too many young people struggle to access new opportunities, and the UK loses its advantage in a world being transformed by technology.”

The report (below), which was also part-funded by Google and led by world-famous engineer Steve Furber, found that:

  • 54% of English schools do not offer Computer Science GCSE
  • 30% of English GCSE pupils attend a school that does not offer Computer Science GCSE – the equivalent of 175,000 pupils each year, almost a third of the total number in England
  • Bournemouth leads England with the highest uptake of Computer Science GCSE (23% of all pupils), with Kensington & Chelsea, Blackburn and City of London coming last
  • England meets only 68% of its recruitment target for entries into computing teacher training courses, lower than Physics and Classics
  • Only one-in-five Computer Science GCSE pupils is female

Only 11% of Key Stage 4 students took GCSE Computer Science (62,703 out of a total of 588,000) in 2017. The report also found that more than half of schools in England (2,703 out of a total of 5,135) do not offer Computer Science GCSE at all.

At local authority level, Bournemouth leads England with the highest uptake of GCSE Computer Science (23% of all pupils at Key Stage 4), followed by Central Bedfordshire (22%), Hartlepool (22%), Knowsley (20%) and Slough (20%). The City of London has the lowest uptake (4%) followed by Blackburn (5%), Kensington & Chelsea (5%), Carderdale (5%) and Rutland (5%).

The report also found that two-in-three schools in Hackney do not offer Computer Science at GCSE level, despite being located near the Silicon Roundabout, London’s tech hub. Nearby Islington only had six out of 14 schools offering the subject.

The Isles of Scilly (100%), Hartlepool (71%), Harrow (67%) and Bracknell Forest (67%) are the local authorities with the highest proportion of schools offering Computer Science GCSE, while Kensington & Chelsea (18%) sits at the bottom of the list, followed by Tower Hamlets (27%), Shropshire (27%), Rutland (29%) and Greenwich (29%).

The report, which was based on a survey, in-depth meetings with teachers and Government data, suggests that part of the problem with computing education is a lack of knowledge about the fast-paced technology sector among staff. One-in-four secondary school teachers surveyed took no professional development activities to enhance their knowledge of computing. The Government allocates just £1.2 million a year to training existing computing teachers, and the Royal Society called on the government to provide enough funding to train 8,000 secondary school computing teachers.

The Royal Society also found that just 20% of GCSE Computer Science candidates were female, falling to 10% at A-level
The Royal Society also found that just 20% of GCSE Computer Science candidates were female, falling to 10% at A-level

“For pupils to thrive, we need knowledgeable, highly skilled teachers,” Furber said. “The report paints a bleak picture in England, which meets only 68% of its computing teacher recruitment targets and where, as a result, one-in-two schools doesn’t offer Computer Science at GCSE, a crucial stage of young people’s education.”

Teachers told the Royal Society they are most confident with parts of the computing curriculum inherited from previous Information and Communications Technology courses, and 44% feel more confident in delivering the earlier stages of the curriculum.

Computing teachers are also in short supply, with the government meeting only 68% of its recruitment target for entrants to computing teacher training courses in England between 2012 and 2017. In Scotland, the number of computer science teachers has fallen by 25% in the past 10 years. There is also a shortage of trainees with enough specialist knowledge to teach a technical subject. While there are 65 Physics and 93 Maths teacher conversion courses available, none exists for computing. The Royal Society is calling for government funding on top of the £60 million to set up conversion courses so there is no personal cost to teachers and schools.

Student uptake of GCSE Computing in 2015-16

Reinforcing previous reports on the gender divide in computing lessons, the Royal Society also found that just 20% of GCSE Computer Science candidates were female, falling to 10% at A-level. There is a similar picture in Scotland, with a 20% female uptake at National 5. Chinese pupils and those from other Asian backgrounds are significantly more likely than white pupils and black pupils to study GCSE Computer Science (12.7% vs 7.5%, 5.5% and 4.1% respectively).

“The rate at which technology is transforming the workplace means that we live in a world where many primary schoolchildren will work in technology-based roles that do not yet exist, so it is essential that future generations can apply digital skills with confidence,” Furber added.

“Overhauling the fragile state of our computing education will require an ambitious, multipronged approach. We need to invest significantly more to support and train 8,000 secondary school computing teachers to ensure pupils have the skills and knowledge needed for the future.”

Girls work in school lab, with laptop on table showing science website
The Royal Society wants support for Computer Science to be on a par with maths and physics

Microsoft President Brad Smith told the CBI Annual Conference earlier this week that technology skills were in demand in the UK, and companies and that people of all ages needed to acquire the right knowledge and experience.

“It’s clear that 90% of jobs will need new digital skills; and it’s clear that employees don’t have the skills that employers require,” he told hundreds of business leaders at the event in London.

“That starts with bringing new skills into schools, bringing new initiatives like Computing at School, a programme we have been proud to support. It’s a programme that does what needs to be done – create a new curriculum to teach a new subject and provide professional development.”

Microsoft has also launched a programme to teach digital skills to people across the UK, to ensure the country remains one of the global leaders in next-generation technologies.

Test your knowledge of Hyper-V Generation 2 VMs

With the introduction of Hyper-V Generation 2 VMs, you have more options for your virtual environment, but taking advantage of those options also means managing a more complex infrastructure. For example, the two generation types support different devices and features, and you can only run certain guest OS versions on Generation 2 VMs. Before you start using this new VM generation, take our quiz to make sure you know your stuff.

Introducing a preview of the next generation of Skype for Linux | Skype Blogs

Great news for Skype for Linux users—the next generation of Skype for Linux is launching! Starting today, you can download Skype Preview for Linux and start enjoying new features across all your devices—including screen sharing and group chat.

Bring calls to life and collaborate on projects with screen sharing

With Skype for Linux, you can take advantage of the screen sharing feature on your desktop screen. Now, you can share content with everyone on the call—making it even easier to bring your calls to life and collaborate on projects.

Image showing the screen sharing feature on the desktop screen.

Turn everyday conversations into experiences with group chat

The new group chat feature for Skype for Linux allows you to talk with several friends at the same time. We even included options to personalize chats with emoticons, Mojis, and photos so you can express yourself with your own style. It’s a great way to turn your everyday conversations into experiences.

Image showing the chat feature using emoticons, Mojis, and photos in the group conversation.

The next generation of Skype for Linux is part of our broader strategy to rebuild Skype from the ground up with cloud technology—a more reliable platform that can scale to a much bigger audience. We’re making great improvements in the ways you like to connect with people and bringing your world closer together than ever before.

Image showing three people on a Skype for Linux call.

As a reminder—all Skype for Linux clients (versions 4.3 and older) were retired on July 1, 2017. If you’re running an older version, it’s time to upgrade to the Skype Preview for Linux.

We also recommend making sure that you have an up-to-date microphone and webcam for video calls, so you can take advantage of all the new features this preview version has to offer.

Try it out and tell us what you think by clicking the heart on the menu. Share your ideas in the Skype for Linux Community on how we can make Skype for Linux better. We’re looking forward to hearing your feedback.

For Sale – Dell 4GB Radeon i5 7200 8GB 1TB Full HD 15.6″ Inspiron Laptop Warranty until 04/2018 Leicester

NEW IN BOX

DELL WARRANTY UNTIL APRIL 2018 (SEE SCREENSHOT BELOW)

INTEL 7TH GENERATION i5-7200U

1920 x 1080 FULL HD LED 15.6 INCH SCREEN

4GB AMD RADEON DEDICATED GPU

8GB RAM

1TB HDD

WINDOWS 10 HOME

DVD RW DRIVE

WIFI AC

BLUETOOTH

2 x USB 3.0

1 x USB 2.0

10/100 ETHERNET

WEBCAM

HDMI

BLACK GLOSS LID

RRP APPROX £649

COMES WITH BOX + MAINS CHARGER

Cash on Collection from Leicester

Can send by courier (£20 within UK mainland non remote postcodes) if payment made by Bank Transfer, please ask for exact postage cost

Laptop has been sitting in box and not used as don’t need a gaming laptop but need cash now so open to reasonable offers.

IMG_20170924_164900.jpg

IMG_20170924_164851.jpg

IMG_20170924_164834.jpg

Dell Warranty.jpg

Price and currency: £549
Delivery: Delivery cost is not included
Payment method: Cash or BT
Location: Leicester, UK
Advertised elsewhere?: Advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I prefer the goods to be collected

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
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For Sale – New in Box Dell i5 7200 8GB 1TB Full HD 15.6″ Inspiron Laptop Warranty until 08/2018 Leicester

BRAND NEW IN BOX

DELL WARRANTY UNTIL AUGUST 2018 (SEE SCREENSHOT BELOW)

INTEL 7TH GENERATION i5-7200U

1920 x 1080 FULL HD LED 15.6 INCH SCREEN

8GB RAM

1TB HDD

WINDOWS 10

DVD RW DRIVE

WIFI AC

BLUETOOTH

2 x USB 3.0

1 x USB 2.0

10/100 ETHERNET

WEBCAM

HDMI

RRP OVER £550

Cash on Collection from Leicester

Can send by courier (£20 within UK mainland non remote postcodes) if payment made by Bank Transfer, please ask for exact postage cost

I have only opened to check it is working by powering it on, it is brand new unwanted gift.

IMG_20170904_114732.jpg

IMG_20170904_114744.jpg

IMG_20170904_114752.jpg

IMG_20170904_114801.jpg

Dell Warranty.jpg

Price and currency: £449
Delivery: Delivery cost is not included
Payment method: Cash or BT
Location: Leicester, UK
Advertised elsewhere?: Advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I prefer the goods to be collected

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

For Sale – New in Box Dell i5 7200 8GB 1TB Full HD 15.6″ Inspiron Laptop Warranty until 08/2018 Leicester

BRAND NEW IN BOX

DELL WARRANTY UNTIL AUGUST 2018 (SEE SCREENSHOT BELOW)

INTEL 7TH GENERATION i5-7200U

1920 x 1080 FULL HD LED 15.6 INCH SCREEN

8GB RAM

1TB HDD

WINDOWS 10

DVD RW DRIVE

WIFI AC

BLUETOOTH

2 x USB 3.0

1 x USB 2.0

10/100 ETHERNET

WEBCAM

HDMI

RRP OVER £550

Cash on Collection from Leicester

Can send by courier (£20 within UK mainland non remote postcodes) if payment made by Bank Transfer, please ask for exact postage cost

I have only opened to check it is working by powering it on, it is brand new unwanted gift.

IMG_20170904_114732.jpg

IMG_20170904_114744.jpg

IMG_20170904_114752.jpg

IMG_20170904_114801.jpg

Dell Warranty.jpg

Price and currency: £449
Delivery: Delivery cost is not included
Payment method: Cash or BT
Location: Leicester, UK
Advertised elsewhere?: Advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I prefer the goods to be collected

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

For Sale – New in Box Dell i5 7200 8GB 1TB Full HD 15.6″ Inspiron Laptop Warranty until 08/2018 Leicester

BRAND NEW IN BOX

DELL WARRANTY UNTIL AUGUST 2018 (SEE SCREENSHOT BELOW)

INTEL 7TH GENERATION i5-7200U

1920 x 1080 FULL HD LED 15.6 INCH SCREEN

8GB RAM

1TB HDD

WINDOWS 10

DVD RW DRIVE

WIFI AC

BLUETOOTH

2 x USB 3.0

1 x USB 2.0

10/100 ETHERNET

WEBCAM

HDMI

RRP OVER £550

Cash on Collection from Leicester

Can send by courier (£20 within UK mainland non remote postcodes) if payment made by Bank Transfer, please ask for exact postage cost

I have only opened to check it is working by powering it on, it is brand new unwanted gift.

IMG_20170904_114732.jpg

IMG_20170904_114744.jpg

IMG_20170904_114752.jpg

IMG_20170904_114801.jpg

Dell Warranty.jpg

Price and currency: £449
Delivery: Delivery cost is not included
Payment method: Cash or BT
Location: Leicester, UK
Advertised elsewhere?: Advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I prefer the goods to be collected

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

For Sale – Networking clear out

3x Apple airport Express
Just over a year old, These are the latest Generation (A1521) and are in excellent condition

£SOLD

1x Apple 2TB Time Capsule
Just over a year old, This is the latest Generation (A1470) and are in excellent condition

£150

1x Draytek 2860 Router
Draytek Router, This is brand new and still sealed

£100

1x Draytek 2760 Router
This is a used Router around 18 months old.

£50

1x Netgear JGS524 24 port GBE switch
12 months old in excellent condition, includes rack mount kit

£SOLD

Items wanted to trade

WD 6TB RED nas drives

Unifi AC-PRO AP

Payment options COC/BT/PPG
also happy to take BTC, LTC, ETH is you are a Crypto guy.

Collection or postage are both offered

Price and currency: £100
Delivery: Delivery cost is not included
Payment method: COC/BT/PPG
Location: hertfordshire / Cambridge
Advertised elsewhere?: Not advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I prefer the goods to be collected

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

For Sale – Networking clear out

3x Apple airport Express
Just over a year old, These are the latest Generation (A1521) and are in excellent condition

£SOLD

1x Apple 2TB Time Capsule
Just over a year old, This is the latest Generation (A1470) and are in excellent condition

£150

1x Draytek 2860 Router
Draytek Router, This is brand new and still sealed

£100

1x Draytek 2760 Router
This is a used Router around 18 months old.

£50

1x Netgear JGS524 24 port GBE switch
12 months old in excellent condition, includes rack mount kit

£SOLD

Items wanted to trade

WD 6TB RED nas drives

Unifi AC-PRO AP

Payment options COC/BT/PPG
also happy to take BTC, LTC, ETH is you are a Crypto guy.

Collection or postage are both offered

Price and currency: £100
Delivery: Delivery cost is not included
Payment method: COC/BT/PPG
Location: hertfordshire / Cambridge
Advertised elsewhere?: Not advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I prefer the goods to be collected

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.