Tag Archives: great

For Sale – Jumper Ezbook 2 – £60 collected from harrow

My jumber ezbook 2 for sale – in great condition, however the SD card reader does not work on the device and the speakers aren’t great (they crackle) and it’s a US keyboard layout, also a us adapter.. Otherwise great device, extremely light and a great battery life. Running Windows 10 home 1909. Doorstep collection from harrow

Comes with original box

Brand: Jumper
Model: Ezbook 2
Usage: Office
Type: Notebook
OS: Windows 10
CPU Brand: Intel
CPU Series: Cherry Trail
CPU: Intel Cherry Trail x5-Z8350
Core: 1.44GHz,Quad Core
Caching: 2MB
Graphics Type: Integrated Graphics
Graphics Chipset: Intel HD Graphics 400
Graphics Card Frequency: 200MHz – 500MHz
Process Technology: 14nm
Power Consumption: 2W
Threading: 4
RAM: 4GB
RAM Type: DDR3L
RAM Slot Quantity: One
Hard Disk Memory: 64GB EMMC

Location
harrow
Price and currency
70
Delivery cost included
Delivery is NOT included
Prefer goods collected?
I prefer the goods to be collected
Advertised elsewhere?
Advertised elsewhere
Payment method
PPG

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For Sale – PC Specialist Ultranote Laptop 14″ 1080p, i7 8550u, 8gb, 500gb

Great laptop. Perfect for working from home. It’s nice and light too so easy to take out and about with you – once we’re out of lockdown!

Here’s the spec:

i7 8550u processor
8gb ram (upgradable)
500gb HDD (upgradable)
14″ 1080p screen

snappy little laptop

Good condition, there are some scratches to the top of the lid which I’ve tried to show in the photos and a couple of super minor marks on the edges. No impact on use and price is reduced to reflect them. Screen is lovely, no marks, and the keyboard is super nice to type on. Really like it.

Reason for sale, person I got this for has decided they prefer a desktop.

I’d like £300 for it

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RTO and RPO: Understanding Disaster Recovery Times

You will focus a great deal of your disaster recovery planning (and rightly so) on the data that you need to capture. The best way to find out if your current strategy does this properly is to try our acid test. However, backup coverage only accounts for part of a proper overall plan. Your larger design must include a thorough model of recovery goals, specifically Recovery Time Objective (RTO) and Recovery Point Objective (RPO).

Ideally, a restore process would contain absolutely everything. Practically, expect that to never happen. This article explains the risks and options of when and how quickly operations can and should resume following systems failure.

Table of Contents

Disaster Recovery Time in a Nutshell

What is Recovery Time Objective?

What is Recovery Point Objective?

Challenges Against Short RTOs and RPOs

RTO Challenges

RPO Challenges

Outlining Organizational Desires

Considering the Availability and Impact of Solutions

Instant Data Replication

Short Interval Data Replication

Ransomware Considerations for Replication

Short Interval Backup

Long Interval Backup

Ransomware Considerations for Backup

Using Multiple RTOs and RPOs

Leveraging Rotation and Retention Policies

Minimizing Rotation Risks

Coalescing into a Disaster Recovery Plan

Disaster Recovery Time in a Nutshell

If a catastrophe strikes that requires recovery from backup media, most people will first ask: “How long until we can get up and running?” That’s an important question, but not the only time-oriented problem that you face. Additionally, and perhaps more importantly, you must ask the question: “How much already-completed operational time can we afford to lose?” The business-continuity industry represents the answers to those question in the acronyms RTO and RPO, respectively.

What is Recovery Time Objective?

Your Recovery Time Objective (RTO) sets the expectation for the answer to, “How long until we can get going again?” Just break the words out into a longer sentence: “It is the objective for the amount of time between the data loss event and recovery.”

Recovery Time Objective RTO

Of course, we would like to make all of our recovery times instant. But, we also know that will not happen. So, you need to decide in advance how much downtime you can tolerate, and strategize accordingly. Do not wait until the midst of a calamity to declare, “We need to get online NOW!” By that point, it will be too late. Your organization needs to build up those objectives in advance. Budgets and capabilities will define the boundaries of your plan. Before we investigate that further, let’s consider the other time-based recovery metric.

What is Recovery Point Objective?

We don’t just want to minimize the amount of time that we lose; we also want to minimize the amount of data that we lose. Often, we frame that in terms of retention policies — how far back in time we need to be able to access. However, failures usually cause a loss of systems during run time. Unless all of your systems continually duplicate data as it enters the system, you will lose something. Because backups generally operate on a timer of some sort, you can often describe that potential loss in a time unit, just as you can with recovery times. We refer to the maximum total acceptable amount of lost time as a Recovery Point Objective (RPO).

Recovery Point Objective RPO

As with RTOs, shorter RPOs are better. The shorter the amount of time since a recovery point, the less overall data lost. Unfortunately, reduced RPOs take a heavier toll on resources. You will need to balance what you can achieve against what your business units want. Allow plenty of time for discussions on this subject.

Challenges Against Short RTOs and RPOs

First, you need to understand what will prevent you from achieving instant RTOs and RPOs. More importantly, you need to ensure that the critical stakeholders in your organization understand it. These objectives mean setting reasonable expectations for your managers and users at least as much as they mean setting goals for your IT staff.

RTO Challenges

We can define a handful of generic obstacles to quick recovery times:

  • Time to acquire, configure, and deploy replacement hardware
  • Effort and time to move into new buildings
  • Need to retrieve or connect to backup media and sources
  • Personnel effort
  • Vendor engagement

You may also face some barriers specific to your organization, such as:

  • Prerequisite procedures
  • Involvement of key personnel
  • Regulatory reporting

Make sure to clearly document all known conditions that add time to recovery efforts. They can help you to establish a recovery checklist. When someone requests a progress report during an outage, you can indicate the current point in the documentation. That will save you time and reduce frustration.

RPO Challenges

We could create a similar list for RPO challenges as we did for RTO challenges. Instead, we will use one sentence to summarize them all: “The backup frequency establishes the minimum RPO”. In order to take more frequent backups, you need a fast backup system with adequate amounts of storage. So, your ability to bring resources to bear on the problem directly impacts RPO length. You have a variety of solutions to choose from that can help.

Outlining Organizational Desires

Before expending much effort figuring out what you can do, find out what you must do. Unless you happen to run everything, you will need input from others. Start broadly with the same type of questions that we asked above: “How long can you tolerate downtime during recovery?” and “How far back from a catastrophic event can you re-enter data?” Explain RTOs and RPOs. Ensure that everyone understands that RPO means recent a loss of recent data, not long-term historical data.

These discussions may require a fair bit of time and multiple meetings. Suggest that managers work with their staff on what-if scenarios. They can even simulate operations without access to systems. For your part, you might need to discover the costs associated with solutions that can meet different RPO and RTO levels. You do not need to provide exact figures, but you should be ready and able to answer ballpark questions. You should also know the options available at different spend levels.

Considering the Availability and Impact of Solutions

To some degree, the amount that you spend controls the length of your RTOs and RPOs. That has limits; not all vendors provide the same value per dollar spent. But, some institutions set out to spend as close to nothing as possible on backup. While most backup software vendors do offer a free level of their product, none of them makes their best features available at no charge. Organizations that try to spend nothing on their backup software will have high RTOs and RPOs and may encounter unexpected barriers. Even if you find a free solution that does what you need, no one makes storage space and equipment available for free. You need to find a balance between cost and capability that your company can accept.

To help you understand your choices, we will consider different tiers of data protection.

Instant Data Replication

For the lowest RPO, only real-time replication will suffice. In real-time replication, every write to live storage is also written to backup storage. You can achieve this many ways, but the most reliable involve dedicated hardware. You will spend a lot, but you can reduce your RPO to effectively zero. Even a real-time replication system can drop active transactions, so never expect a complete shield against data loss.

Real-time replication systems have a very high associated cost. For the most reliable protection, they will need to span geography as well. If you just replicate to another room down the hall and a fire destroys the entire building, your replication system will not save you. So, you will need multiple locations, very high speed interconnects, and capable storage systems.

Short Interval Data Replication

If you can sustain a few minutes of lost information, then you usually find much lower price tags for short-interval replication technology. Unlike real-time replication, software can handle the load of delayed replication, so you will find more solutions. As an example, Altaro VM Backup offers Continuous Data Protection (CDP), which cuts your RPO to as low as five minutes.

As with instant replication, you want your short-interval replication to span geographic locations if possible. But, you might not need to spend as much on networking, as the delays in transmission give transfers more time to complete.

Ransomware Considerations for Replication

You always need to worry about data corruption in replication. Ransomware adds a new twist but presents the same basic problem. Something damages your real-time data. None-the-wiser, your replication system makes a faithful copy of that corrupted data. The corruption or ransomware has turned both your live data and your replicated data into useless jumbles of bits.

Anti-malware and safe computing practices present your strongest front-line protection against ransomware. However, you cannot rely on them alone. The upshot: you cannot rely on replication systems alone for backup. A secondary implication: even though replication provides very short RPOs, you cannot guarantee them.

Short Interval Backup

You can use most traditional backup software in short intervals. Sometimes, those intervals can be just, or nearly, as short as short-term replication intervals. The real difference between replication and backup is the number of possible copies of duplicated data. Replication usually provides only one copy of live data — perhaps two or three at the most — and no historical copies. Backup programs differ in how many unique simultaneous copies that they will make, but all will make multiple historical copies. Even better, historical copies can usually exist offline.

You do not need to set a goal of only a few minutes for short interval backups. To balance protection and costs, you might space them out in terms of hours. You can also leverage delta, incremental, and differential backups to reduce total space usage. Sometimes, your technologies have built-in solutions that can help. As an example, SQL administrators commonly use transaction log backups on a short rotation to make short backups to a local disk. They perform a full backup each night that their regular backup system captures. If a failure occurs during the day that does not wipe out storage, they can restore the previous night’s full backup and replay the available transaction log backups.

Long Interval Backup

At the “lowest” tier, we find the oldest solution: the reliable nightly backup. This usually costs the least in terms of software licenses and hardware. Perhaps counter-intuitively, it also provides the most resilient solution. With longer intervals, you also get longer-term storage choices. You get three major benefits from these backups: historical data preservation, protection against data corruption, and offline storage. We will explore each in the upcoming sections.

Ransomware Considerations for Backup

Because we use a backup to create distinct copies, it has some built-in protection against data corruption, including ransomware. As long as the ransomware has no access to a backup copy, it cannot corrupt that copy. First and foremost, that means that you need to maintain offline backups. Replication requires essentially constant continuity to its replicas, so only backup can work under this restriction. Second, it means that you need to exercise caution around restores when you execute restore procedures. Some ransomware authors have made their malware aware of several common backup applications, and they will hijack it to corrupt backups whenever possible. You can only protect your offline data copies by attaching them to known-safe systems.

Using Multiple RTOs and RPOs

You will need to structure your systems into multiple RTO and RPO categories. Some outages will not require much time to recover from. Some will require different solutions. For instance, even though we tend to think primarily in terms of data during disaster recovery planning, you must consider equipment as well. For instance, if your sales division prints its own monthly flyers and you lose a printer, then you need to establish, RTOs, RPOs, downtime procedures, and recovery processes just for those print devices.

You also need to establish multiple levels for your data, especially when you have multiple protection systems. For example, if you have both replication and backup technologies in operation, then you will set one RPO/RTO value for times when the replication works, and RTO/RPO values for when you must resort to long-term backup. That could happen due to ransomware or some other data corruption event, but it can also happen if someone accidentally deletes something important.

To start this planning, establish “Best Case” and “Worst Case” plans and processes for your individual systems.

Leveraging Rotation and Retention Policies

For your final exercise in time-based disaster recovery designs, we will look at rotation and retention policies. “Rotation” comes from the days of tape backups, when we would decide how often to overwrite old copies of data. Now that high-capacity external disks have reached a low-cost point, many businesses have moved away from tape. You may not overwrite media anymore, or at least not at the same frequency. Retention policies dictate how long you must retain at least one copy of a given piece of information. These two policies directly relate to each other.

Backup Rotation and Retention

In today’s terms, think of “rotation” more in terms of unique copies of data. Backup systems have used “differential” and “incremental” backups for a very long time. The former is a complete record of changes since the last full backup; the latter is a record of changes since the last backup of any kind. Newer backup copies have “delta” and deduplication capabilities. A “delta” backup operates like a differential or incremental backup, but within files or blocks. Deduplication keeps only one copy of a block of bits, regardless of how many times it appears within an entire backup set. These technologies reduce backup time and storage space needs… at a cost.

Minimizing Rotation Risks

All of these speed-enhancing and space-reducing improvements have one major cost: they reduce the total number of available unique backup copies. As long as nothing goes wrong with your media, then this will never cause you a problem. However, if one of the full backups suffer damage, then that invalidates all dependent partial backups. You must balance the number of full backups that you take against the amount of time and bandwidth necessary to capture them.

As one minimizing strategy, target your full backup operations to occur during your organization’s quietest periods. If you do not operate 24 hours per day, that might allow for nightly full backups. If you have low volume weekends, you might take full backups on Saturdays or Sundays. You can intersperse full backups on holidays.

Coalescing into a Disaster Recovery Plan

As you design your disaster recovery plan, review the sections in this article as necessary. Remember that all operations require time, equipment, and personnel. Faster backup and restore operations always require a trade-off of expense and/or resilience. Modest lengthening of allowable RTOs and RPOs can result in major cost and effort savings. Make certain that the key members of your organization understand how all of these numbers will impact them and their operations during an outage.

If you need some help defining RTO and RPO in your organization, let me know in the comments section below and I will help you out!


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Author: Eric Siron

For Sale – R7000 Netgear router

No longer required but a great router!

Comes boxed along, PSU and the 3 antennasIMG_20200311_202639.jpgIMG_20200311_202728.jpg

Location
Ibstock, Leicester
Price and currency
£50
Delivery cost included
Delivery Is Included
Prefer goods collected?
I prefer the goods to be collected
Advertised elsewhere?
Not advertised elsewhere
Payment method
BACS/CASH

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For Sale – ***Poss Part Ex***Custom Spec Gaming PC i7 6700K rtx 2080 32gb Ram

For Sale…

RTX Gaming PC with great Spec!

Part Exchange considered towards the following…

Oculus Quest VR headset
Oculus Rift S VR Headset
Nintendo Switch
Good Quality Hybrid Laptop (Tablet & PC)

Case = Corsair Carbide Air 540

Motherboard = Asus ROG Max VIII Hero Z170

Processor = Intel Core i7 6700K

CPU Cooler = Corsiar Hydro Series H100i

RAM = 32GB Corsair Vengeance 3200 DDR4

Graphics Card = ZOTAC RTX 2080

Hard Drive 1 = WD Green 240GB M.2

Hard Drive 2 = 6TB WD Green

Monitor = LG Ultrawide U9UB67

Fresh Install of windows with a new Key

Collection Only due to size and value… or can deliver within reason

Demo Welcome

For sale on other sites (hence the name in the pics being my real name not my user name on here)

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For Sale – ***Poss Part Ex***Custom Spec Gaming PC i7 6700K rtx 2080 32gb Ram

For Sale…

RTX Gaming PC with great Spec!

Part Exchange considered towards the following…

Oculus Quest VR headset
Oculus Rift S VR Headset
Nintendo Switch
Good Quality Hybrid Laptop (Tablet & PC)

Case = Corsair Carbide Air 540

Motherboard = Asus ROG Max VIII Hero Z170

Processor = Intel Core i7 6700K

CPU Cooler = Corsiar Hydro Series H100i

RAM = 32GB Corsair Vengeance 3200 DDR4

Graphics Card = ZOTAC RTX 2080

Hard Drive 1 = WD Green 240GB M.2

Hard Drive 2 = 6TB WD Green

Monitor = LG Ultrawide U9UB67

Fresh Install of windows with a new Key

Collection Only due to size and value… or can deliver within reason

Demo Welcome

For sale on other sites (hence the name in the pics being my real name not my user name on here)

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For Sale – 2015 iMac 5K – 24gb Ram, i5, 1tb, Boxed.

Hi all,

Due to a job change, resulting in a work pc, my iMac 5k is surplus to requirements. It’s in great condition, no issues with the screen and will come wiped ready for the new user to setup (as new from Apple). I have the magic mouse and keyboard to go with it (the ones with a lightning charger), along with the original box.
Specs are as follows;
3.2ghz Core i5,
24gb DDR3,
1tb Hard drive,
Radeon R9 M380.

Pictures below show the rest – please note I was using an external Samsung T5 SSD to boot from, which I have subsequently removed. I could include this in the sale if requested.

Any questions please ask.

Collection only from Clapham Junction, London.

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For Sale – 2015 iMac 5K – 24gb Ram, i5, 1tb, Boxed.

Hi all,

Due to a job change, resulting in a work pc, my iMac 5k is surplus to requirements. It’s in great condition, no issues with the screen and will come wiped ready for the new user to setup (as new from Apple). I have the magic mouse and keyboard to go with it (the ones with a lightning charger), along with the original box.
Specs are as follows;
3.2ghz Core i5,
24gb DDR3,
1tb Hard drive,
Radeon R9 M380.

Pictures below show the rest – please note I was using an external Samsung T5 SSD to boot from, which I have subsequently removed. I could include this in the sale if requested.

Any questions please ask.

Collection only from Clapham Junction, London.

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