Tag Archives: Network

Ribbon Communications boosts UCaaS portfolio with Edgewater buy

Ribbon Communications said it will acquire network edge orchestration provider Edgewater Networks for $110 million to expand its unified communications portfolio and enter the software-defined WAN market.

The acquisition offers Ribbon Communications, based in Westford, Mass., the opportunity to expand its service offerings, especially for its UC-as-a-service (UCaaS) provider partners, according to Irwin Lazar, analyst at Nemertes Research, based in Mokena, Ill.

“The Edgewater portfolio brings in a wide range of edge devices that enables UCaaS providers to monitor performance quality for voice and video services,” he said. Edgewater Networks, based in San Jose, Calif., has more than 635,000 actively deployed edge devices and more than 20 million connected endpoints, according to Ribbon.

Edgewater Networks provides service assurance, security and analytics tools for unified communications and software-defined WAN (SD-WAN) through a hybrid cloud or edge model. Its customers include communications service providers, managed services providers, and small and midsize enterprises.

Managing UC performance at remote offices

With the acquisition, Ribbon Communications will expand its UC portfolio with end-to-end service assurance and analytics for its Kandy UCaaS offering, as well as voice and data intelligence capabilities in its Ribbon Protect UC security offering.

Ribbon’s UCaaS offering is based on its Kandy embedded communications platform, and it uses Kandy’s APIs to provide voice, video and contact center capabilities. Ribbon Protect UC provides end-to-end security of the communications network to mitigate threats, such as toll fraud and telephony denial-of-service attacks.

The combined portfolio of Ribbon and Edgewater will expand Ribbon’s Skype for Business and Microsoft Teams offerings. Edgewater Networks’ services have been used in a number of Skype of Business deployments as remote survivable gateways, Lazar said.

“Blending the two companies provides a broader range of devices for both enterprises and service providers to manage UC performance at remote offices,” he said.

The combined portfolio helps Ribbon Communications toward its goal of expanding its global reach and entering new markets. Acquiring Edgewater Networks gives Ribbon entry to the SD-WAN market, Patrick Joggerst, chief marketing officer and executive vice president of business development at Ribbon, wrote in a blog post. Edgewater’s SD-WAN offering targets small and midsize organizations, but the acquisition will allow Edgewater to target larger enterprises and expand outside North America, he said.

The acquisition comes nearly eight months after real-time communications provider Genband and session border controller and UC security provider Sonus merged and rebranded under the Ribbon Communications name. The Edgewater acquisition is expected to close in the third quarter and highlights the ongoing vendor consolidation swirling around the UC market.

SHOWTIME, Amblin Television and 343 Industries Bring Halo to Television – Xbox Wire

It’s a big day for Halo – today, SHOWTIME president and CEO David Nevins announced the network has ordered a 10-episode season based on the legendary video game franchise!

In its adaptation for SHOWTIME, Halo (working title) will take place in the universe that first came to be in 2001, dramatizing an epic 26th-century conflict between humanity and an alien threat known as the Covenant. Kyle Killen (Awake) will serve as executive producer, writer and showrunner. Rupert Wyatt (Rise of the Planet of the Apes) will direct multiple episodes and also executive produce the hour-long series which enters production in early 2019.

Halo is our most ambitious series ever, and we expect audiences who have been anticipating it for years to be thoroughly rewarded,” said Nevins. “In the history of television, there simply has never been enough great science fiction. Kyle Killen’s scripts are thrilling, expansive and provocative, Rupert Wyatt is a wonderful, world-building director, and their vision of Halo will enthrall fans of the game while also drawing the uninitiated into a world of complex characters that populate this unique universe.”

“This is a truly exciting moment for the Halo franchise,” stated Kiki Wolfkill, head of Halo Transmedia at 343 Industries. “Together with our creative and production partners at SHOWTIME and Amblin Television, the Halo television series will represent new and exciting way for fans to enter and engage with the Halo universe. We can’t wait to share more on what’s ahead.”

Halo will be executive produced by Killen, Wyatt and Scott Pennington, along with Justin Falvey and Darryl Frank for Amblin Television. The series will be distributed globally by CBS Studios International.

For all things Halo and the recently announced Halo Infinite, be sure to check out Halo Waypoint and stay tuned to Xbox Wire.

For Sale – Ubiquiti Unifi Network gear

I am having to simplify my network at home, so my Unifi gear is up for sale.

There are 2 AC Pro access points. On one of them, the blue LED status light no longer illuminates, but other than that the AP works just fine. The other is in perfect working order. Both are boxed, and both come with PoE injector and UK power cable. Both APs have No More Nails adhesive on the back of the mounting plates – I used it to fix them to the ceilings! It doesn’t affect the use – you can just redrill the mounting holes where the adhesive has covered them.

I have a Unifi USG – boxed and perfect working order.

Unifi Cloud Key – boxed and perfect working order, and running the latest beta firmware with the new dashboard.

Unifi US-8-150W switch – 8 port PoE switch, boxed and perfect working order.

Prices :-

AC Pro with faulty status LED – £sold
AC Pro fully working – £sold
Unifi USG – £sold
Unifi Switch – £sold
Unifi Cloud Key – £sold

Delivery is not included in the price, but collection is welcome from Wirral.

Price and currency: Various
Delivery: Delivery cost is not included
Payment method: PPG
Location: Wirral
Advertised elsewhere?: Yes
Prefer goods collected?: I have no preference

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

For Sale – Ubiquiti Unifi Network gear

I am having to simplify my network at home, so my Unifi gear is up for sale.

There are 2 AC Pro access points. On one of them, the blue LED status light no longer illuminates, but other than that the AP works just fine. The other is in perfect working order. Both are boxed, and both come with PoE injector and UK power cable. Both APs have No More Nails adhesive on the back of the mounting plates – I used it to fix them to the ceilings! It doesn’t affect the use – you can just redrill the mounting holes where the adhesive has covered them.

I have a Unifi USG – boxed and perfect working order.

Unifi Cloud Key – boxed and perfect working order, and running the latest beta firmware with the new dashboard.

Unifi US-8-150W switch – 8 port PoE switch, boxed and perfect working order.

Prices :-

AC Pro with faulty status LED – £70
AC Pro fully working – £sold
Unifi USG – £sold
Unifi Switch – £sold
Unifi Cloud Key – £55

Delivery is not included in the price, but collection is welcome from Wirral.

Price and currency: Various
Delivery: Delivery cost is not included
Payment method: PPG
Location: Wirral
Advertised elsewhere?: Yes
Prefer goods collected?: I have no preference

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

Tempered Networks extends reach of NAC software

Tempered Networks, a maker of network access control for a wide variety of devices, has extended its technology to Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud, Linux servers and additional IoT endpoints.

Tempered, which introduced the latest enhancements this week, has developed NAC software based on the Host Identity Protocol (HIP), a technology developed by a working group within the Internet Engineering Task Force. A HIP network replaces all IP addresses with cryptographic host identifiers that are resistant to denial-of-service and man-in-the-middle attacks.

Tempered has created a HIP wrapper that lets customers manage large numbers of devices through a product the vendor calls a HIPswitch. The technology creates a private overlay network to control what specific endpoints can access. The product can protect corporate, industrial and IoT systems.

What’s new

The latest improvements to the Tempered product portfolio includes a version of HIPswitch for Microsoft Azure and one for Google Cloud. The virtual appliance serves as an identity gateway for endpoints trying to access data, workloads and containers in the public clouds. The NAC software had only been available for AWS.

Also new is the HIPserver for Linux. HIPserver, which was available only for Windows, acts as a server’s overlay network gateway. The software, combined with a firewall, can cloak workloads, so they are not visible to hackers. The technology also ensures that network connections are authenticated before establishing a TCP session. HIPserver supports all major Linux distributions, whether they are running in a public cloud, on premises or a remote site.

Another technology added to the Tempered portfolio is the HIPswitch 75 appliance, a palm-sized IoT edge gateway designed as “plug-and-play” hardware for medical devices, point-of-sale systems and building automation controls. HIPswitch ensures that access policies are enforced for the attached systems.

Finally, Tempered introduced a product called HIPclient, which runs on Windows, Mac and iOS devices. The NAC software ensures clients only access authorized network resources.

The complete Tempered platform includes central software the vendor calls the conductor, which is akin to a software-defined networking controller. Customers use the product’s user interface to whitelist everything attached to HIPswitches and to set access policies for each endpoint or groups of them. Policy routing across the identity network is handled through technology Tempered calls the HIPrelay.

Tempered sells its products via annual subscription, based on the number of products deployed. Fees for HIPswitch for cloud start at $660, HIPserver for Linux, $1,180; and HIPclient, $300.

Recruiting on LinkedIn adds analytics and pointed questions

It will be easier for someone recruiting on LinkedIn to poach talent once the social network giant releases its new analytics platform near the end of September. This may seem startling, but LinkedIn is not shying away from this outcome.

The platform, LinkedIn Talent Insights, is intended to simplify the ability of recruiters to get competitive intelligence and target potential candidates. Users will be able to look at, for instance, the number of software engineers employed by a firm, parse it down by city, see the growth in hiring and note the attrition rate.

In beta testing for LinkedIn Talent Insights, some of the participating users were able to identify firms in some markets that have people with sought-after skill sets, such as software engineers, and then target them. The workers can then be identified using tools for recruiting on LinkedIn.

Poaching talent questioned

Eric Owski, the head of product for Talent Insights at LinkedIn, outlined the forthcoming tool at the recent Society for Human Resource Management conference in Chicago. Before his audience, he used a live demo to demonstrate, in minutes, how to assemble a competitive analysis.

During an audience Q&A, one woman in attendance asked Owski about the ethics of using this analytics tool to raid a competitor.

The world is becoming more transparent.
Eric Owskihead of product for Talent Insights, LinkedIn

The attendee asked: “Does that set up an environment for poaching talent?” And then she immediately answered her own question. “I think the answer is yes. And so why would I sign off on that?”

Owski agreed that using the new tool for recruiting on LinkedIn made poaching possible but argued that there was nothing wrong with making this data available.

Internally, the LinkedIn team on the project had many “philosophical” discussions about the use of this data, Owski said. But the team concluded that “the world is becoming more transparent,” and “very sophisticated teams at large companies were able to figure out a lot of the calculations that we’re making available in this product,” he said. 

“We think by packaging it up nicely, it levels the playing field,” Owski said. “We feel like we’re on safe ground.”

LinkedIn draws line on available data

But LinkedIn is drawing a line on what data it makes available.

Owski said LinkedIn can determine with up to 93% accuracy the gender diversity of workers at a firm by analyzing the first name. But the company isn’t making company-specific gender data available in the search tool because it is “very highly sensitive data” that can open up questions of discrimination. LinkedIn will make that information available at a market or broader level.

LinkedIn Talent Insights uses data from its 560 million global members. The site has 15 million open jobs at any given time and some 23,000 standardized job titles that it recognized. The analytics platform is global and not dependent on government data, Owski said.

The tool’s ease of use was a key point for Owski. The interface appeared to be no more complicated than the advanced search feature on Google. It asked the user to input skills to include and exclude job title, location and industry. It then quickly produced a list of firms with employees who have those skills, hiring trends and attrition rate.

One attendee, Kevin Cottingim, senior vice president of HR at Employbridge, a staffing firm, said in an interview he was “excited” about trying the analytics platform for recruiting on LinkedIn.

Cottingim said his firm has 500 branches around the country and the recruiting analytics tool will help them understand if there are more positions available than candidates in any given market. With that data, he can strategize his plans for more targeted advertising, as well as consider paying a salary premium.

In terms of seeing the attrition rates at other firms, Cottingim said, “I would love to be able to benchmark that against my competitors.”

Quality of data questioned

Some in the audience raised questions about the quality of the data, and whether, for instance, profile changes are a good enough indicator of attrition. An attendee asked if LinkedIn continued to appeal to a full demographic range of people, particularly millennials.

Owski said there’s a potential for noise in the data, but he believes they have enough representation of professionals to “cancel out the noise.”

As far as competitors to LinkedIn, Owski said, unlike Facebook, it doesn’t have Snapchat-type rivals. Some industry observers believe Snapchat, which tends to appeal to younger users, is a potential Facebook threat. Owski’s point is that LinkedIn doesn’t have similar competitors.

Product pricing will be available in July, and the vendor may bundle LinkedIn Talent Insights for people who are already recruiting on LinkedIn. An upcoming feature will be an API that allows users to take the data and use it in their own dashboards.

Another attendee, Melvin Jones, the workforce strategy branch chief at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), said the LinkedIn Talent Insights tool may help the agency improve the targeting of its job advertising and figure out what job markets are best for certain skills. 

It will also enable the agency to know how private sector firms view NOAA’s workforce, Jones said, in an interview.

“It’s good to have validation of the data and see how other people are viewing us,” Jones said. “In military terms, it’s good to see what the enemy sees.”

ONAP Beijing release targets deployment scenarios

Deployability is the name of the game with the Linux Foundation’s latest Open Network Automation Platform architecture.

Central to the ONAP Beijing release are seven identified “dimensions of deployability,” said Arpit Joshipura, general manager of networking and orchestration at the Linux Foundation. These seven deployability factors comprise usability, security, manageability, stability, scalability, performance and resilience.

By identifying these dimensions, the Linux Foundation expects to better address and answer questions regarding documentation, Kubernetes management, disruptive testing, multisite failures and lifecycle management transactions. The goal is better consistency among ONAP deployments, Joshipura said.

Other than the standardized support for external northbound APIs that face a user’s operational and business support systems, the ONAP Beijing release had only a handful of architectural changes from the previous Amsterdam architecture, according to Joshipura. To that end, the ONAP Beijing release features four relevant MEF APIs taken from MEF’s Lifecycle Service Orchestration architecture and framework.

An additional architectural tweak pinpointed the ONAP Operations Manager. OOM now works with Kubernetes and can run with any cloud provider, Joshipura said.

Arpit Joshipura, Linux Foundation Arpit Joshipura

“All the projects within ONAP can become Docker containers, and Kubernetes orchestrates all of them,” he said. “It helps with management, portability and efficiencies in terms of VMs [virtual machines] needed to run them.”

The ONAP Beijing release also introduced Multi-site State Coordination Services, which ONAP dubbed MUSIC. MUSIC coordinates databases and synchronizes policies for ONAP deployments in multiple locations, geographies and countries — relevant for providers like Vodafone and Orange. The release also provided standard templates and virtual network functions (VNFs) integration and validation, regarding information and data modeling.

Functional enhancements for ONAP Beijing

In addition to architecture adaptions, the ONAP Beijing release made a series of functional enhancements that include change management, hardware platform awareness and autoscaling with manual triggers. For example, the system follows policy to automatically move VNFs or add VMs if a certain location has excess compute capacity. This capability helps scale the VNFs appropriately, Joshipura said.

ONAP expects to make its next release, Casablanca, available at the end of 2018. ONAP Casablanca will continue work on operational and business support systems, in addition to adding more cross-project integration related to microservices architecture, Joshipura said. Further, ONAP Casablanca will introduce a formal VNF certification program and standardize features to support 5G and cross-cloud connectivity.

Linux Foundation reacts to Microsoft’s GitHub acquisition

Microsoft’s $7.5 billion acquisition of GitHub received a cautiously positive response from the Linux Foundation. Jim Zemlin, the Linux Foundation’s executive director, categorized the move as “pretty good news for the world of open source,” highlighting Microsoft’s expertise to make GitHub better. He did, however, stress Microsoft’s growing need to earn the trust of developers, while also acknowledging the existence of other open source developer platforms, such as GitLab and Stack Overflow.

“As we all evaluate the evolution of open source from the early days to now, I suggest we celebrate this moment,” Zemlin said about the purchase. “The multidecade progression toward the adoption and continual use of open source software in developing modern technological products, solutions and services is permanent and irreversible. The majority of the world’s economic systems, stock exchanges, the internet, supercomputers and mobile devices run the open source Linux operating system, and its usage and adoption continue to expand.”

Nyansa extends network performance monitor software

ORLANDO, Fla. — Nyansa, a network performance monitor software vendor, has introduced two applications that extend the company’s platform to the WAN and devices connecting to a Wi-Fi network.

The new products, called Voyance WAN and Voyance Client Agent, collect data and send it to the Voyance platform for measuring and analyzing network performance in data centers and wireless networks. Like other network performance monitors (NPM), Voyance checks for network problems and provides intelligence to help determine their causes.

Nyansa launched the products this week at the Cisco Live conference. The WAN application monitors traffic headed outside the corporate network to ensure employees are not spending a lot of time on nonessential online applications, such as YouTube or Facebook.

Because companies lease a finite amount of bandwidth from carriers, traffic to consumer sites can affect the performance of links to cloud-based collaboration and meeting applications or critical business software, such as Oracle, Salesforce or Workday.

Combing through data to find anomalies

Voyance WAN collects traffic data from routers through the NetFlow and cFlow protocols embedded in the devices. Nyansa plans to add support for the jFlow and sFlow protocols, but has not said when it will do so.

The Voyance platform analyzes the utilization of WAN links and correlates it with the performance of applications and network services. As a result, the platform can identify degradation in WAN performance. The software can also identify the problem site or WAN interface and provide the percentage of bandwidth usage at peak times.

The Voyance Client Agent is installed on corporate mobile devices accessing the company’s Wi-Fi. Data collected from the devices is fed into Voyance for analysis and correlation with other network metrics. The agent supports Apple macOS and iOS. Eventually, Nyansa plans to add support for Windows and Android.

In general, the Voyance NPM is based on a combination of deep packet inspections and cloud-based analytics. The network performance monitor software tracks all transactions and sends the data to AWS servers for analysis. The resulting intelligence is then transmitted to the user’s location, which network engineers can review through an easy-to-understand graphical user display.

Last November, the company added a remediation engine that spotlights problems with infrastructure devices and recommends configuration changes to correct it. The network performance monitor software also calculates the benefits of the corrective action.

In other news from Cisco Live, A10 Networks, an application delivery controller vendor, said it has added ingress filtering for Kubernetes containers. Enterprises and internet service providers use ingress filtering technology to block suspicious traffic from entering a network. The application examines all inbound packets and then permits or denies entry based on information in the packet header.

Finally, NetBrain Technologies announced the general availability of version 7.1. The latest iteration of the software provides integration with Cisco’s software-based networking technology for the data center, called Application Centric Infrastructure.

NetBrain software helps engineers manage network documentation and understand network design. Its products also assist in documenting and sharing network knowledge.

The growing ties between networking roles and automation

For years now, network professionals have heard they need to adapt to changing technologies or risk extinction. The messages are plentiful:

  • Learn these programming skills to stay relevant.
  • Take these training courses, but don’t get too vendor-focused.
  • Change your mindset.
  • Change your organization’s culture.
  • Change your skill sets to keep up with shifting networking roles and responsibilities.

All of these suggestions are increasingly valid and can prove valuable in the evolving networking industry. In fact, skill sets revolving around network programmability, cloud computing and cybersecurity are central to in-demand IT positions and roles, according to Mark Leary, directing analyst at Learning@Cisco, part of Cisco Services, who discussed a Cisco-sponsored report about IT jobs and skill sets, which was released by research firm IDC.

As those networking roles and responsibilities evolve, network professionals are also evolving. For example, organizations seek IT staff with skills in Python, Java, Linux, development, administration, support and engineering, among others, Leary said. In the evolution of networking jobs, employees need to be able to communicate with other teams, including security and developers, for business cross-projects and initiatives.

The dirty word: Automation

This industry and skill set evolution is necessary for the transition to the automated network, according to Zeus Kerravala, founder of ZK Research in Westminster, Mass. Modern network infrastructure doesn’t work well with heavily manual command-line interface configurations, he said during a recent Cisco webinar on the evolution of network engineering. Instead, it uses automation and APIs to deliver services and information.

But automation has traditionally been considered a dirty word that sends employees in all industries into a panic, just like it did in the 1800s and 1900s. Automation was expected to steal jobs and replace human intelligence. But as network automation use cases have matured, Kerravala said, employees and organizations increasingly see how automating menial network tasks can benefit productivity.

To automate, however, network professionals need programming skills to determine the desired network output. They need to be able to tell the network what they want it to do.

All of this brings me to an obvious term that’s integral to automation and network programming: program, which means to input data into a machine to cause it to do a certain thing. Another definition says to program is “to provide a series of instructions.” If someone wants to give effective instructions, a person must understand the purpose of the instructions being relayed. A person needs the foundation — or the why of it all — to get to the actual how.

Regarding network automation, the why is to ultimately achieve network readiness for what the network needs to handle, whether that’s new applications or more traffic, Cisco’s Leary said.

“One of the reasons you develop skills in network programming is to leverage all the automation tools,” he said. “As a result, you’re making use of those technologies and data to make sure your network isn’t just up and available, but [is] now network-ready.”

Vendors have a part in this, too

The impetus also falls on the networking vendors to provide products that help professionals in their networking roles.

But network readiness — and the related issue of network programmability — goes beyond skills and the ability to input data, according to Lee Doyle, principal analyst at Doyle Research. The impetus also falls on the networking vendors to provide products that help professionals in their networking roles.

Yes, we’ve seen the early versions of products focused on achieving expressed intent and outcomes. But we’ve also seen the hazy sheen of marketing fade away to reveal frizzled shreds of hype.

Ultimately, we need to determine what we want to accomplish with our networks and why. This likely results in myriad opinions, but most of us would consider growth beneficial. Learning new things offers the opportunity for more knowledge. Knowledge can benefit the employee, the organization and maybe even society. This idea may gravitate toward the idyllic, but consider some effects of remaining stagnant: irrelevant skills or knowledge, lost productivity and inefficacy.

“A business needs to be agile, but it’s only as agile as its least agile component,” Kerravala said. While Kerravala considered that component to be the network, the network could encompass organizations, vendors and network professionals.

So, I bring these questions to you — the network professional. Do you think you need to learn new skills in order to keep up with shifting networking roles? Do you want to reskill? Or, do you think vendors need to up their game?

What makes networking automation so difficult?

Ivan Pepelnjak asks the question most network engineers are already deliberating: Why is networking automation so hard?

In a post on IPSpace, Pepelnjak said the challenges facing automation — such as a lack of good tools and APIs — obscure the biggest reason networking automation is so tough to do. And that’s because, as Pepelnjak termed it, “every network is a unique snowflake.”

“You can buy dozens of network management products, download numerous open source tools, and yet you won’t be a single step closer to offering service-level abstraction of your network to your users,” he said.

A better approach might be to build a customizable tool to meet your needs, or to construct a network management system based on Ansible that’s integrated with an orchestration platform.

Or you could just give up, although Pepelnjak advises his readers to consider that decision very carefully before proceeding.

Read what else Pepelnjak has to say about the barriers to automation.

Could Fortnite justify 5G’s development?

Mobile carriers have been spending plenty of money constructing the frameworks necessary for 5G, the next generation of cellular technology. But telcos are still making these investments without knowing if there is a large enough business case to justify the sums they’re spending.

While many investors anticipate the enterprise networking market will be the first real use case for 5G, GlobalData analyst Josh Hewer has a better idea: gaming.

Gamers require connections with low latency and high availability, attributes that 5G connectivity offers, he said. Today, most players are harnessed to Wi-Fi networks, but that could change if higher-speed cellular is an option.

Epic Games, the developer of the smash hit Fortnite Battle Royale, is already pulling in $1 million a day from mobile users — illustrating how lucrative the market could be for 5G carriers.

“Operators are going to have to look outside of the enterprise market to justify early 5G investments,” Hewer said.

With one in three people on the planet paying for games on PC and mobile, according to Hewer, perhaps 5G investors should start to take gaming more seriously.

See the rest of Hewer’s thoughts on 5G and what carriers should consider.

Blockchain and its reliance on decentralization

According to Gartner analyst Rajesh Kandaswamy, it’s simply too early to tell how Blockchain will evolve and what its impact on networking will be.

Kandaswamy tackled two related questions: Is blockchain about decentralization? And can blockchain survive without decentralization?

Alas, a definitive answer is still not possible, Kandaswamy wrote, adding that it’s possible the ledger system can survive either way.

Regardless, he remained encouraged about the role blockchain may play in future networking environments. “Who are we to assume that the paths of future innovation will be restricted to certain ways, when the technology itself is evolving and humankind’s potential for ingenuity is vast?”

Find out what else Kandaswamy had to say about blockchain.