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Approaches for embedding human ethics in AI systems

SAN DIEGO — It may be early days for AI, but it’s not too early to start thinking about the ethical considerations around the technology. In fact, today is a defining moment for AI ethics, said Gartner research vice president Darin Stewart at this week’s Gartner Catalyst event in San Diego.

“The decisions we make now are going to sit at the core of our models for years and continue to evolve, continue grow and continue to learn,” said Stewart during his session. “So we need to set them on a firm ethical foundation so that as they grow through the years they’ll continue to reflect our values.”

The crux is that, right now, embedding ethics in AI systems is a low priority for most. The focus is mostly on AI control — making sure systems do what they’re supposed to do and having a few corrective measures if things go wrong. But, as Stewart said, putting in a “big red button” to hit when things go very wrong isn’t enough. By that time it’s already too late.

What we need in our AI solutions is something Stewart calls “value alignment.”

“We need some assurance that when these systems make predictions, come to conclusions, give us recommendations and make decisions that they’re going to reflect our values,” he said. “And not just our personal values as its creator, but the values of the organization we serve and the community or society that it exists within.”

Stewart admitted that value alignment might seem above IT practitioners’ paygrade, but he certainly doesn’t see it that way.

“The developers, the engineers and the designers are in the vanguard,” he said. “You all are best positions to take those steps to move us closer to that value alignment.”

What steps can IT practitioners take to embed human values and ethics in AI?

Darin Stewart, research vice president, Gartner
Darin Stewart talks about the urgent need to develop an AI ethics strategy at the Gartner Catalyst event this week.

A measure of fairness

For starters, they can make sure they aren’t directly inserting bias into algorithms. Bias is more or less ubiquitous in machine learning, Stewart said. It arises when the AI model makes predictions and decisions based on sensitive or prohibited attributes — things like race, gender, sexual orientation and religion.

We need some assurance that when these systems make predictions, come to conclusions, give us recommendations and make decisions that they’re going to reflect our values.
Darin Stewartresearch vice president, Gartner

Fortunately, there are effective techniques for removing bias in data sets, Stewart said. But IT practitioners need to make sure it never gets in the model in the first place. At the very beginning, they need to articulate — and document — measures of fairness and the algorithm’s priorities. A measure of fairness is what constitutes equitable and consistent treatment for all groups participating in a system or solution. Stewart said there are a lot of guidelines available for use — many for free.

“At the very beginning, when you’re building the product, decide explicitly and intentionally what that measure of fairness is going to be and optimize your algorithms to reflect both the values statement you create and that measure of fairness,” he said. “Then use the boundaries as constraints on the training process itself.”

The United States has had a doctrine of discrimination since the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which defines types of discriminatory intent and permissible use of race. Start there, Stewart said.

“Ideally, we will have higher standards, but the locally- set, legal definition of acceptable discrimination should be the bare minimum you work with,” he said.

Pay attention to your AI solution in the real world

AI and machine learning systems rarely behave the same in the real world as they did in testing, Stewart said. That can pose a problem for ensuring ethics in AI.

“The problem is that once we release our solutions into the real world, we stop paying attention to the inputs it’s feeding off of in the real world,” he said. “We don’t pay attention to the inputs that are still continuing to train and evolve the model, and that’s where things start to go wrong.”

He points to the now infamous case of the Microsoft Tay chatbot, which was the target of a malicious attack by Twitter trolls that biased the system beyond repair. That’s why Stewart emphasizes the importance of consistently and continually inspecting training data.

“Kind of like stalking your kids on social media, you need to keep an eye on your solutions once they are released into the real world,” Stewart said. That includes regularly testing and auditing the AI systems.

Instilling ethics in AI: The ‘centaur’ approach

At this point in time, Stewart said we usually don’t want to turn decisions entirely over to the AI system. If you are just trying to automate data entry into a spreadsheet or speed up the throughput of an assembly line, then it’s fine to do so, he said. But if you are creating a system that is going to “materially impact someone’s life,” you should have a human being in the loop who understands why decisions are being made.

“You don’t want a doctor performing surgery just because the AI said so,” he said. Decisions ideally are made by combining machine intelligence, which can deal with exponentially more data than humans can, with human intelligence, which can account for factors that may not have been in the data set. “We’re looking for centaurs rather than robots.”

For Sale – GTX 1080Ti – £480

Hi all,

Thought i’d start a new thread for the last couple of cards, just so its clear whats left for sale!

Shifting the final few cards I’ve used for crypto mining. Both cards were bought from amazon warehouse around January 2018, so all have the remainder of the 2 year warranty. Both come with original boxes, are working perfectly and great condition.

£570 reduced to £500 – ASUS TURBO (BLOWER STYLE) 1080Ti
£570 reduced to £500 – ZOTAC (BLOWER STYLE) 1080Ti

Thanks!

Price and currency: Various
Delivery: Delivery cost is not included
Payment method: Cash / BT
Location: Sheffield
Advertised elsewhere?: Not advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I prefer the goods to be collected

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
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DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

Microsoft’s Airband Grant Fund invests in 8 start-ups delivering internet-connected solutions to rural communities around the globe – Microsoft on the Issues

Today, internet access is as essential as electricity. It empowers entrepreneurs to start and grow small businesses, farmers to implement precision agriculture, doctors to improve community health and students to do better in school. But almost half the world’s population is still not online, often because they live in underserved areas, and therefore miss out on opportunities to take advantage of and become part of the digital economy. As a global technology company, we believe we have a responsibility and a great opportunity to help close this gap.

That’s why we’re excited to announce the eight early-stage companies selected for our third annual Airband Grant Fund. These start-ups are overcoming barriers to provide affordable internet access to unconnected and underserved communities in the U.S., Africa and Asia using TV white spaces (TVWS) and other promising last-mile access technologies. Our grant fund will provide financing, technology, mentorship, networking opportunities and other support to help scale these start-ups’ innovative new technologies, services and business models. The Airband Grant Fund is part of the Microsoft Airband Initiative, launched last year to extend broadband access across the United States and, ultimately, connectivity around the globe.

We are excited to partner with this year’s cohort of Airband grantees, which include:

These companies are improving life for some of the most underserved communities here in the U.S. and around the world. For example, approximately 35 percent of people living on tribal lands in the U.S. lack broadband. Tribal Digital Village wants to change that. With support from our Airband Grant Fund, they will use TVWS – vacant broadcast spectrum that enables internet connections in challenging rural terrain – and other technologies to deploy broadband to tribal homes on 20 isolated reservations in Southern California. “We realized that without access to the internet, tribal students weren’t going to have access to advanced opportunities that other kids had,” said Matt Rantanen, director of technology for Tribal Digital Village. “But there was no infrastructure on tribal land and no telecommunications companies wanted to work with us to build it out. So we had to build it ourselves.”

ColdHubs is another organization finding innovative ways to tackle the broadband access challenge. In Owerri, Nigeria, ColdHubs is transforming their refrigerated crop storage rooms into Wi-Fi hot spots using TVWS technology. The company aims to empower smallholder farmers with the ability to earn better livelihoods. Their solar-powered crop storage facilities help reduce food spoilage, which causes 470 million smallholder farmers to lose 25 percent of their annual income. Farmers who use ColdHubs can extend the freshness of their fruits and vegetables from two to about 21 days, reducing post-harvest loss by 80 percent. By turning these facilities into Wi-Fi “Farm Connect Centers,” ColdHubs will enable farmers to get online and access agricultural training, resources to improve crop yields and marketing and digital skills training.

Whether in the U.S. or around the world, we believe in nurturing innovative solutions by supporting local companies and entrepreneurs. We are eager to work in close partnership with these Airband Grant Fund recipients over the next year to refine and expand the reach of their solutions. And in the coming months, we’ll have more to share on the exciting progress we’re making on our Airband Initiative, and our goal to deliver broadband to 2 million rural Americans by 2022, and to extend connectivity to underserved communities around the world. Learn more about the Airband Grant Fund recipients here.

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For Sale – GTX 1080Ti – £480

Hi all,

Thought i’d start a new thread for the last couple of cards, just so its clear whats left for sale!

Shifting the final few cards I’ve used for crypto mining. Both cards were bought from amazon warehouse around January 2018, so all have the remainder of the 2 year warranty. Both come with original boxes, are working perfectly and great condition.

£570 reduced to £500 – ASUS TURBO (BLOWER STYLE) 1080Ti
£570 reduced to £500 – ZOTAC (BLOWER STYLE) 1080Ti

Thanks!

Price and currency: Various
Delivery: Delivery cost is not included
Payment method: Cash / BT
Location: Sheffield
Advertised elsewhere?: Not advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I prefer the goods to be collected

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

For Sale – GTX 1080Ti

Hi all,

Thought i’d start a new thread for the last couple of cards, just so its clear whats left for sale!

Shifting the final few cards I’ve used for crypto mining. Both cards were bought from amazon warehouse around January 2018, so all have the remainder of the 2 year warranty. Both come with original boxes, are working perfectly and great condition.

£570 – ASUS TURBO (BLOWER STYLE) 1080Ti
£570 – ZOTAC (BLOWER STYLE) 1080Ti

Thanks!

Price and currency: Various
Delivery: Delivery cost is not included
Payment method: Cash / BT
Location: Sheffield
Advertised elsewhere?: Not advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I prefer the goods to be collected

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

For Sale – GTX 1080Ti

Hi all,

Thought i’d start a new thread for the last couple of cards, just so its clear whats left for sale!

Shifting the final few cards I’ve used for crypto mining. Both cards were bought from amazon warehouse around January 2018, so all have the remainder of the 2 year warranty. Both come with original boxes, are working perfectly and great condition.

£570 – ASUS TURBO (BLOWER STYLE) 1080Ti
£570 – ZOTAC (BLOWER STYLE) 1080Ti

Thanks!

Price and currency: Various
Delivery: Delivery cost is not included
Payment method: Cash / BT
Location: Sheffield
Advertised elsewhere?: Not advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I prefer the goods to be collected

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

For Sale – GTX 1080Ti

Hi all,

Thought i’d start a new thread for the last couple of cards, just so its clear whats left for sale!

Shifting the final few cards I’ve used for crypto mining. Both cards were bought from amazon warehouse around January 2018, so all have the remainder of the 2 year warranty. Both come with original boxes, are working perfectly and great condition.

£570 – ASUS TURBO (BLOWER STYLE) 1080Ti
£570 – ZOTAC (BLOWER STYLE) 1080Ti

Thanks!

Price and currency: Various
Delivery: Delivery cost is not included
Payment method: Cash / BT
Location: Sheffield
Advertised elsewhere?: Not advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I prefer the goods to be collected

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

For Sale – GTX 1080Ti’s and 1060’s

Hi all,

Relisted in this part of the forum as it seems more suitable.

Going to start shifting some hardware I’ve used for crypto mining. All cards were bought from Amazon or amazon warehouse within the last 4 months, so all have the remainder of the 2 year warranty. All come with original boxes, are working perfectly and great condition.

£600 – EVGA SC 1080Ti BLACK EDITION – sold
£600 – EVGA SC 1080Ti BLACK EDITION – sold
£600 – EVGA SC 1080Ti BLACK EDITION – sold
£675 – EVGA FTW3 1080Ti – sold
£200 – PALIT 1060 6GB – WITHDRAWN
£170 – PALIT 1060 6GB STORM X – this is a single fan, badly designed cooler (imo), which is quite loud, hence the price. – SOLD

£700 – ZOTAC AMP CORE EXTREME 1080Ti
£580 – ASUS TURBO (BLOWER STYLE) 1080Ti
£580 – ZOTAC (BLOWER STYLE) 1080Ti
£350 – ASUS STRIX 1070
£350 – ASUS STRIX 1070

I’ve run these all in custom rigs, under clocked power and cooling sufficient to keep the cards around or under 60’C.

Thanks!

Price and currency: Various
Delivery: Delivery cost is not included
Payment method: BT or cash on collection
Location: Sheffield
Advertised elsewhere?: Not advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I prefer the goods to be collected

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

For Sale – GTX 1080Ti’s and 1060’s

Hi all,

Relisted in this part of the forum as it seems more suitable.

Going to start shifting some hardware I’ve used for crypto mining. All cards were bought from Amazon or amazon warehouse within the last 4 months, so all have the remainder of the 2 year warranty. All come with original boxes, are working perfectly and great condition.

£600 – EVGA SC 1080Ti BLACK EDITION – sold
£600 – EVGA SC 1080Ti BLACK EDITION – sold
£600 – EVGA SC 1080Ti BLACK EDITION – sold
£675 – EVGA FTW3 1080Ti – sold
£200 – PALIT 1060 6GB – WITHDRAWN
£170 – PALIT 1060 6GB STORM X – this is a single fan, badly designed cooler (imo), which is quite loud, hence the price. – SOLD

£700 – ZOTAC AMP CORE EXTREME 1080Ti
£580 – ASUS TURBO (BLOWER STYLE) 1080Ti
£580 – ZOTAC (BLOWER STYLE) 1080Ti
£350 – ASUS STRIX 1070
£350 – ASUS STRIX 1070

I’ve run these all in custom rigs, under clocked power and cooling sufficient to keep the cards around or under 60’C.

Thanks!

Price and currency: Various
Delivery: Delivery cost is not included
Payment method: BT or cash on collection
Location: Sheffield
Advertised elsewhere?: Not advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I prefer the goods to be collected

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

For Sale – GTX 1080Ti’s and 1060’s

Hi all,

Relisted in this part of the forum as it seems more suitable.

Going to start shifting some hardware I’ve used for crypto mining. All cards were bought from Amazon or amazon warehouse within the last 4 months, so all have the remainder of the 2 year warranty. All come with original boxes, are working perfectly and great condition.

£600 – EVGA SC 1080Ti BLACK EDITION – sold
£600 – EVGA SC 1080Ti BLACK EDITION – sold
£600 – EVGA SC 1080Ti BLACK EDITION – sold
£675 – EVGA FTW3 1080Ti – sold
£200 – PALIT 1060 6GB – WITHDRAWN
£170 – PALIT 1060 6GB STORM X – this is a single fan, badly designed cooler (imo), which is quite loud, hence the price. – SOLD

£700 – ZOTAC AMP CORE EXTREME 1080Ti
£580 – ASUS TURBO (BLOWER STYLE) 1080Ti
£580 – ZOTAC (BLOWER STYLE) 1080Ti
£350 – ASUS STRIX 1070
£350 – ASUS STRIX 1070

I’ve run these all in custom rigs, under clocked power and cooling sufficient to keep the cards around or under 60’C.

Thanks!

Price and currency: Various
Delivery: Delivery cost is not included
Payment method: BT or cash on collection
Location: Sheffield
Advertised elsewhere?: Not advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I prefer the goods to be collected

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.