Tag Archives: surprise

Microsoft wins $10 billion JEDI contract over AWS

Microsoft has been awarded the U.S. Department of Defense’s controversial JEDI contract over AWS in a surprise development that could be remembered as a watershed moment in the battle for market share among hyperscale cloud computing providers.

AWS had widely been expected to win the Joint Enterprise Defense Infrastructure contract, which was first announced in September 2017 and vigorously pursued by IBM, Oracle, Google and Microsoft. The DoD narrowed the field of candidates to AWS and Microsoft in April, and in July a judge tossed out a federal lawsuit brought by Oracle in protest of the process.

AWS had a perceived leg up on competitors for the JEDI contract, thanks not only to the breadth and depth of its cloud platform, but due to precedent. Several years ago, AWS landed a $600 million contract with the CIA centered on further development of the intelligence agency’s big data analytics capabilities.

Still, in May 2018, Microsoft said it had won a contract worth hundreds of millions of dollars that would see a panoply of U.S. intelligence agencies use its Azure Government service.

The DoD’s JEDI proposal, as laid out in a November 2017 memo, calls for a 10-year contract with a single provider to create a “highly available, exponentially elastic, secure, resilient cloud computing environment that seamlessly extends from the homefront to the tactical edge.”

The JEDI contract is worth up to $10 billion over the life of the agreement, but the base contract period is for just two years with $1 million guaranteed, according to the DoD.  About $210 million is expected to be spent during the initial two years, but the remainder of the contract is subject to rigorous ongoing reviews, the DoD said.

AWS could not immediately be reached for comment, but in published reports, a company spokesperson expressed surprise at the result.

“AWS is the clear leader in cloud computing, and a detailed assessment purely on the comparative offerings clearly lead to a different conclusion,” the company said.

The specter of presidential politics has loomed over the JEDI contract saga, with President Donald Trump – a harsh critic of Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos – saying in July that his administration planned to scrutinize Amazon’s JEDI bid in the wake of complaints about the award process from AWS competitors.

It isn’t immediately clear whether Amazon can or will pursue additional recourse following the JEDI contract award to Microsoft.

“All offerors were treated fairly and evaluated consistently with the solicitation’s stated evaluation criteria,” the DOD said in a statement. “Prior to the award, the department conferred with the DOD Inspector General, which informed the decision to proceed.”

While the Pentagon plans to eventually move 80% of its internal systems to the platform created by JEDI, it maintains many other cloud services. It also “continues to assess and pursue various cloud contracting opportunities,” according to a statement.

The cloud infrastructure market is worth about $100 billion at present, according to new numbers from Synergy Research. AWS has about 33.5% share of that market, with Microsoft at about 16.5%, Synergy reported.

AWS may still have a healthy lead over Microsoft, but the JEDI award gives the latter not only bragging rights but also a high-profile testimony to Azure’s readiness for the world’s most critical and sensitive workloads, which could prove quite valuable in negotiating other large-scale deals.

More details of the DoD’s decision-making process could be learned in coming days. In recent months, there had been some speculation the DoD would add an additional vendor to the JEDI contract after an initial award, both to hedge its strategic bets and mollify critics.

This is a breaking news story. More details to follow.

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How Windows Admin Center stacks up to other management tools

Microsoft took a lot of administrators by surprise when it released Windows Admin Center, a new GUI-based management tool, last year. But is it mature enough to replace third-party offerings that handle some of the same tasks?

Windows Admin Center is a web-based management environment for Windows Server 2012 and up that exposes roughly 50% of the capabilities of the traditional Microsoft Management Console-based GUI environment. Most common services — DNS, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol, Event Viewer, file sharing and even Hyper-V — are available within the Windows Admin Center, which can be installed on a workstation with a self-hosted web server built in, or on a traditional Windows Server machine using IIS.

It also covers several Azure management scenarios, as well, including managing Azure virtual machines when you link your cloud subscription to the Windows Admin Center instance you use.

Windows Admin Center dashboard
Among its many features, the Windows Admin Center dashboard provides an overview of the selected Windows machine, including the current state of the CPU and memory.

There are a number of draws for Windows Admin Center. It’s free and designed to be developed out of band, or shipped as a web download, rather than included in the Windows Server product. So, Microsoft can update it more frequently than the core OS.

Microsoft said, over time, most of the Windows administrative GUI tools will move to Windows Admin Center. It makes sense to spin up an instance of it on a management workstation, an old server or even a lightweight VM on your virtualization infrastructure. Windows Admin Center is a tool you will need to get familiar with even if you have a larger, third-party OS management tool.

How does Windows Admin Center compare with similar products on the market? Here’s a look at the pros and cons of each.

Goverlan Reach

Goverlan Reach is a remote systems management and administration suite for remote administration of virtually any aspect of a Windows system that is configurable via Windows Management Instrumentation. Goverlan is a fat client, normal Windows application, not a web app, so it runs on a regular workstation. Goverlan provides one-stop shopping for Windows administration in a reasonably well-laid-out interface. There is no Azure support.

For the extra money, you get a decent engine that allows you to automate certain IT processes and create a runbook of typical actions you would take on a system. You also get built-in session capturing and control without needing to connect to each desktop separately, as well as more visibility into software updates and patch management for not only Windows, but also major third-party software such as Chrome, Firefox and Adobe Reader.

Goverlan Reach has three editions. The Standard version is $29 per month and offers remote control functions. The Professional version costs $69 per month and includes Active Directory management and software deployment. The Enterprise version with all the advanced features costs $129 per month and includes compliance and more advanced automation abilities.

Editor’s note: Goverlan paid the writer to develop content marketing materials for its product in 2012 and 2013, but there is no ongoing relationship.

PRTG Network Monitor

Paessler’s PRTG Network Monitor tracks the uptime, health, disk space, and performance of servers and devices on your network, so you proactively respond to issues and prevent downtime.

[embedded content]
Managing Windows Server 2019 with Windows Admin Center.

PRTG monitors mail servers, web servers, database servers, file servers and others. It has sensors built in for the attendant protocols of each kind of server. You can build your own sensors to monitor key aspects of homegrown applications. PRTG logs all this monitoring information for analysis to build a baseline performance profile to develop ways to improve stability and performance on your network.

When looking at how PRTG stacks up against Windows Admin Center, it’s only really comparable from a monitoring perspective. The Network Monitor product offers little from a configuration standpoint. While you could install the alerting software and associated agents on Azure virtual machines in the cloud, there’s no real native cloud support; it treats the cloud virtual machines simply as another endpoint. 

It’s also a paid-for product, starting at $1,600 for 500 sensors and going all the way up to $60,000 for unlimited sensors. It does offer value and is perhaps the best monitoring suite out there from an ease-of-use standpoint, but most shops would most likely choose it in addition to Windows Admin Center, not in lieu of it.

SolarWinds

Windows Admin Center is a tool you will need to get familiar with even if you have a larger, third-party OS management tool.

SolarWinds has quite a few products under its systems management umbrella, including server and application monitoring; virtualization administration; storage resource monitoring; configuration and performance monitoring; log analysis; access right auditing; and up/down monitoring for networks, servers and applications. While there is some ability to administer various portions of Windows, with the Access Rights Manager or Virtualization Manager, these SolarWinds products are very heavily tilted toward monitoring, not administration.

The SolarWinds modules all start with list prices anywhere from $1,500 to $3,500, so you quickly start incurring a substantial expense to purchase the modules needed to administer all the different detailed areas of your Windows infrastructure. While these products are surely more full-featured than Windows Admin Center, the delta might not be worth $3,000 to your organization. For my money, PRTG becomes a better value for the money if monitoring is your goal.

Nagios

Nagios has a suite of tools to monitor infrastructure, from individual systems to protocols and applications, along with database monitoring, log monitoring and, perhaps important in today’s cloud world, bandwidth monitoring.

Nagios has long been available as an open source tool that’s very powerful, and the free version, Nagios Core, certainly has a place in any moderately complex infrastructure. The commercial versions of Nagios XI — $1,995 for standard and $3,495 for enterprise — have lots of shine and polish, but lack any sort of interface to administer systems.

The price is right, but its features still lag behind

There is clearly a place for Windows Admin Center in every Windows installation, given it is free, very functional although there are some bugs that will get worked out over time — and gives you a vendor-supported way of both monitoring and administering Windows.

However, Windows Admin Center lacks quite a bit of monitoring prowess and also doesn’t address all potential areas of Windows administration. There is no clear-cut winner out of all the profiled tools in this article. If anything, Windows Admin Center should be thought of as an additional tool to use in conjunction with some of these other products.

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Ex-Cisco exec Rowan Trollope promises to be different CEO at Five9

Rowan Trollope’s departure from Cisco in May took many in the industry by surprise. In his five years as a top executive, Trollope was widely credited with reinvigorating Cisco’s collaboration portfolio. At the end of his tenure, he made the bold move of merging Cisco’s core meeting software, Webex and Spark.

Trollope is now the CEO of cloud contact center vendor Five9, a startup in San Ramon, Calif., with revenue one-twenty-fifth the size of the collaboration division at Cisco. Trollope described his new company as smaller than his old one, but also nimbler.

In an interview this week, Trollope spoke about why he left Cisco and the use cases of the contact center AI he’s likely to bring to Five9.

Editor’s note: The following was edited for style, clarity and brevity.

How will your leadership change Five9?

Rowan Trollope, CEO, Five9Rowan Trollope

Rowan Trollope: I wasn’t hired because the company needed a new strategy. The way the search happened was ultimately because the former CEO, unfortunately, had a health issue and couldn’t continue. So, it’s kind of a different CEO transition in that sense; it’s not like the company needed a transformation or a new direction.

I am a different CEO, I think, than the former CEO just in terms of my background. I’m a much more product-focused executive, whereas Mike [Burkland] was more focused on sales and go-to-market. And so, you know, my focus will probably be more on product. I think the innovation side of this story that’s unfolding needs a lot of attention.

Cisco is also a big contact center vendor. Why didn’t you want to stay there?

Trollope: Timing in business is so important. And the time for a cloud contact center is now. And, you know, I had been at Cisco for five years, very successful with transforming the portfolio and having a good run. But this was an opportunity to join a very special company, a much smaller company, more nimble, and something that I just, personally, was very interested in.

It’s not anything negative about Cisco. I enjoyed working there, I learned a lot, it’s a great company, and I think their collaboration business has great prospects. But I couldn’t say no to this opportunity.

What applications of contact center AI do you think will have the biggest impact on the industry?

Trollope: One, data analytics. All the voice traffic coming through your contact center today is only used for the purposes of quality-assurance checks and compliance. So, the first real big opportunity is to unlock the value of that data.

Speech-to-text, and then natural language understanding to provide analytics on top of that data, can really [help a company] understand at the business level what’s going on with my customers [and] what are they asking about. If you look at how call centers work today, at the very end of the call, they will enter a reason code, like install problem or password reset. And that’s just so limiting, and the industry has struggled to make sense of this data. That’s why I call it ‘dark data.’

Two, virtual agents. The technology has just gotten to the point where it could be feasible that when you call into your typical call center, instead of getting, ‘Welcome to ABC company. Push one for sales; push two for product,’ that you will be greeted by, ‘Hi, ABC company, can I help you?’ And you say, ‘Yeah, I’ve been having a problem with your product. I’m wondering if I can speak to Joe in support.’ ‘Oh, sure, yeah, let me get Joe on the line.’

That’s not a human; that conversation was with a robot. That’s feasible now. It wasn’t feasible a year ago. And it will become more and more feasible. So, the death of the IVR [interactive voice response] couldn’t come soon enough for most. If you’re a consumer, that’s like the worst experience ever, right?

Three, agent guidance. If the computer can listen to all of the context of the conversation in real time and present me with advanced search results from my knowledge bases and my company information and my workflows, I become a smarter agent.

Today, the agents will be listening to your call. And they will be sitting with a whole bunch of windows open, and they will be Googling for this, or searching their internal knowledge base for that, or typing a text message to a peer to say, ‘Do you know what this problem could be?’ And all that can be made much easier through AI. So, that’s about assisting agents to get better answers faster.

asus 1070/1060 waterblock

hi all
well I made a booboo..bought the wrong waterblock for my asus 1070 dual and surprise surprise it doesn’t fit lol.

was told by seller it fitted the 1070 OG dual but its actually for the:

ASUS GTX1070-O8G-GAMING
ASUS GTX1060-O6G-SI
ASUS GTX1070-O8G-SI

I think they are the ones with the dark shroud not white like mine.

paid nearly £80 in total for it so hoping to recover half of what I paid,its brand new just taken out of box then put back in when I realised it wouldn’t fit (no…

asus 1070/1060 waterblock

For Sale – MacBook Pro 13″ 2015. i5 2.9GHz, 8GB RAM, 500GB SSD, 1 year’s JL warranty remaining

Somewhat to my surprise, I’m upgrading to a new MacBook so my “old” one is now looking for a new home.

It was bought new by me from John Lewis in February 2016 so has 13 months of the transferable JL warranty remaining. It’s in excellent condition – I take very good care of all my tech – and has been protected by a shell case since day one. If the buyer wishes, I’ll include the case at no extra cost.

Battery count is currently at 348 because my practice is to charge the MacBook, then use it on a tray on my lap until it needs recharging, etc etc. Nothing has been unduly strained by hard usage: mostly, I visit various forums online, browse a number of other sites, and check emails.

This will come with all original packaging and accessories, all in the same excellent condition as the MacBook itself. I’m not sure whether there’s an Apple brown outer box because the unit was collected from JL, but if there isn’t the MacBook will be securely packaged inside another outer box before being posted. Amazon to the rescue again :).

The asking price is inclusive of RMSD. Collection is also possible, should a local buyer want to save a few £££. I’ll get some pics up tomorrow but in the meantime, if you’ve got any questions just ask.

Price and currency: £825
Delivery: Delivery cost is included within my country
Payment method: BT
Location: Bournemouth
Advertised elsewhere?: Not advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I have no preference

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

For Sale – MacBook Pro 13″ 2015. i5 2.9, 8GB RAM, 500GB HD, 1 year’s JL warranty remaining

Somewhat to my surprise, I’m upgrading to a new MacBook so my “old” one will be available by the beginning of next week.

It was bought new by me from John Lewis in February 2016 so has 13 months of the JL warranty remaining. It’s in excellent condition – I take very good care of all my tech – and has been protected by a shell case since day one. If the buyer wishes, I’ll include the case at no extra cost.

Battery count is currently at 348 because my practice is to charge the MacBook, then use it on a tray on my lap until it needs recharging, etc etc. Nothing has been unduly strained by hard usage: mostly, I visit various forums online, browse a number of other sites, and check emails.

This will come with all original packaging and accessories, all in the same excellent condition as the MacBook itself. I’m not sure whether there’s an Apple brown outer box because the unit was collected from JL, but if there isn’t the MacBook will be securely packaged inside another outer box before being posted. Amazon to the rescue again :).

The asking price is inclusive of RMSD. Collection is also possible, should a local buyer want to save a few £££. I’ll get some pics up tomorrow but in the meantime, if you’ve got any questions just ask.

Price and currency: £825
Delivery: Delivery cost is included within my country
Payment method: BT
Location: Bournemouth
Advertised elsewhere?: Not advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I have no preference

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

For Sale – MacBook Pro 13″ 2015. i5 2.9, 8GB RAM, 500GB HD, 1 year’s JL warranty remaining

Somewhat to my surprise, I’m upgrading to a new MacBook so my “old” one will be available by the beginning of next week.

It was bought new by me from John Lewis in February 2016 so has 13 months of the JL warranty remaining. It’s in excellent condition – I take very good care of all my tech – and has been protected by a shell case since day one. If the buyer wishes, I’ll include the case at no extra cost.

Battery count is currently at 348 because my practice is to charge the MacBook, then use it on a tray on my lap until it needs recharging, etc etc. Nothing has been unduly strained by hard usage: mostly, I visit various forums online, browse a number of other sites, and check emails.

This will come with all original packaging and accessories, all in the same excellent condition as the MacBook itself. I’m not sure whether there’s an Apple brown outer box because the unit was collected from JL, but if there isn’t the MacBook will be securely packaged inside another outer box before being posted. Amazon to the rescue again :).

The asking price is inclusive of RMSD. Collection is also possible, should a local buyer want to save a few £££. I’ll get some pics up tomorrow but in the meantime, if you’ve got any questions just ask.

Price and currency: £825
Delivery: Delivery cost is included within my country
Payment method: BT
Location: Bournemouth
Advertised elsewhere?: Not advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I have no preference

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

For Sale – MacBook Pro 13″ 2015. i5 2.9, 8GB RAM, 500GB HD, 1 year’s JL warranty remaining

I’m testing the waters here ……

Somewhat to my surprise, I’m upgrading to a new MacBook so my “old” one will be available by the beginning of next week.

It was bought new by me from John Lewis in February 2016 so has 13 months of the JL warranty remaining. It’s in excellent condition – I take very good care of all my tech – and has been protected by a shell case since day one. If the buyer wishes, I’ll include the case at no extra cost.

Battery count is currently at 348 because my practice is to charge the MacBook, then use it on a tray on my lap until it needs recharging, etc etc. Nothing has been unduly strained by hard usage: mostly, I visit various forums online, browse a number of other sites, and check emails.

This will come with all original packaging and accessories, all in the same excellent condition as the MacBook itself. I’m not sure whether there’s an Apple brown outer box because the unit was collected from JL, but if there isn’t the MacBook will be securely packaged inside another outer box before being posted. Amazon to the rescue again :).

The asking price is inclusive of RMSD. Collection is also possible, should a local buyer want to save a few £££. I’ll get some pics up tomorrow but in the meantime, if you’ve got any questions just ask.

Price and currency: £825
Delivery: Delivery cost is included within my country
Payment method: BT
Location: Bournemouth
Advertised elsewhere?: Not advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I have no preference

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

For Sale – MacBook Pro 13″ 2015. i5 2.9, 8GB RAM, 500GB HD, 1 year’s JL warranty remaining

I’m testing the waters here ……

Somewhat to my surprise, I’m upgrading to a new MacBook so my “old” one will be available by the beginning of next week.

It was bought new by me from John Lewis in February 2016 so has 13 months of the JL warranty remaining. It’s in excellent condition – I take very good care of all my tech – and has been protected by a shell case since day one. If the buyer wishes, I’ll include the case at no extra cost.

Battery count is currently at 348 because my practice is to charge the MacBook, then use it on a tray on my lap until it needs recharging, etc etc. Nothing has been unduly strained by hard usage: mostly, I visit various forums online, browse a number of other sites, and check emails.

This will come with all original packaging and accessories, all in the same excellent condition as the MacBook itself. I’m not sure whether there’s an Apple brown outer box because the unit was collected from JL, but if there isn’t the MacBook will be securely packaged inside another outer box before being posted. Amazon to the rescue again :).

The asking price is inclusive of RMSD. Collection is also possible, should a local buyer want to save a few £££. I’ll get some pics up tomorrow but in the meantime, if you’ve got any questions just ask.

Price and currency: £825
Delivery: Delivery cost is included within my country
Payment method: BT
Location: Bournemouth
Advertised elsewhere?: Not advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I have no preference

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

Top cloud providers dominate headlines in 2017

It’s no surprise that top cloud providers, Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure and Google, continued to dominate technology headlines in 2017. This year, we saw these cloud giants perform the same one-upmanship around tools, services and prices that we have in the past — but this time, with a sharper focus on technologies such as containers and hybrid cloud.

Before you head into 2018, refresh your memory of SearchCloudComputing’s top news from the past year:

Amazon, Microsoft crave more machine learning in the cloud

All the top cloud providers see the importance in machine learning, and Amazon Web Services and Microsoft Azure put their differences aside in October to jointly create Gluon, an open source deep learning interface based on Apache MXNet. This new library is intended to make AI technologies more accessible to developers and help them more easily create machine learning models. In the future, Gluon will work worth Microsoft Cognitive Toolkit.

Meanwhile, Google Cloud Platform offers TensorFlow, another open source library for machine learning. While TensorFlow is a formidable opponent, some developers shy away from it due to its complexities.

The main problem that all providers face in this space is that the public cloud isn’t always the best environment for complex machine learning workloads due to cost, data gravity or a lack of skill. Some data scientists continue to use the public cloud to test, but then run the workloads on premises.

Google hybrid cloud strategy crystallizes with Nutanix deal

While cloud is popular, many workloads are still kept on premises — either due to their design or compliance issues. Top cloud providers continue to seek partnerships to target the hybrid market and ease the gap between data centers and the cloud.

The Amazon and VMware deal tends to be the most common example of this. But in June 2017, Google partnered with Nutanix to fuel its own hybrid efforts. Next year, customers will be able to manage and deploy workloads between the Google public cloud and their own hyper-converged infrastructure from a single interface. This partnership will also extends Google cloud services, such as BigQuery, to Nutanix customers, and enable customers to use Nutanix boxes as edge devices.

Kubernetes on Azure hints at hybrid cloud endgame

One of containers’ main advantages is enhanced portability between cloud platforms — a feature that’s especially attractive to hybrid cloud users. In February 2017, Microsoft unveiled the general availability of Kubernetes on Azure Container Service (AKS, formerly ACS), making it the first public cloud provider to support all the major container orchestration engines: Kubernetes, Mesosphere’s DC/O and Docker Swarm.

The move was one that could especially benefit hybrid cloud users because both Docker Swarm and Kubernetes enable teams to manage containers that run on multiple platforms from a single location. In October, Azure rolled out a new managed Kubernetes service, and rebranded ACS as AKS. AWS countered in November with Amazon Elastic Container Service for Kubernetes, a managed service.

Azure migration takes hostile approach to lure VMware apps

To compete with VMware Cloud on AWS, Microsoft released a similar service for Azure in November 2017 — without VMware support.

Azure Migrate enables enterprises to analyze their on-premises environment, discover dependencies and more easily migrate VMware workloads into the Azure public cloud. A bare-metal subset of the service, VMware virtualization on Azure, is expected to be available in 2018, and enables users to run a VMware stack on top of Azure hardware. While the service is based on a partnership with unnamed VMware partners, and involves VMware-certified hardware, the development of it didn’t directly involve VMware itself, and cuts the vendor out of potential revenues. VMware has since said that it will not recommend or support the product.

Cloud pricing models reignite IaaS provider feud

The price war continued in 2017, but top cloud providers changed their tune: instead of direct cuts, they altered their pricing models. AWS abandoned its per-hour billing, in favor of per-second billing, to counter per-minute billing from Google and Azure. Google shortly responded with its own shift to a per-second billing model.

Microsoft, for its part, added a Reserved VM Instances option to Azure, which provides discounts to customers that purchase compute capacity in advance for a one- or three-year period. The move was a most direct shot at AWS’ Elastic Compute Cloud Reserved Instances, which follow a similar model.