Tag Archives: system

AI and preventative healthcare: Diagnosis in the blink of an eye – Asia News Center

In his office in suburban Beijing, Zhang proudly demonstrated the physical part of Airdoc’s system – a small desktop device that looks similar to a scanner a neighborhood optometrist might use for a routine eye exam.

You sit on a stool, lean forward, place your chin on a padded brace, and stare into the darkness of an eyepiece. The algorithm then takes over, precisely adjusting the angle of your head until a green cross comes into focus in the gaze of your right eye. A moment later there’s a bright, but not uncomfortable, flash of white light. The process is repeated for your left eye.

The machine has just taken high-resolution medical-grade images of both your retinas. It instantly sends them to the cloud where it takes 20 to 30 milliseconds (about the same time as an eye blink) of computation to analyze both.

Above: Taking a test at Airdoc’s Beijing office.

Moments later an impressively detailed diagnostic dashboard is sent to your smartphone. It rates from low to medium to high your susceptibility to a long list of diseases. If there is a problem, it urges you to seek professional medical help.

Right now, it can search for 30 diseases. More machine learning will soon boost that number to 50, and eventually, it could go beyond 200.

Zhang regards his system as a gamechanger because of its potential to deliver at scale and relieve stretched medical resources. To date, it has scanned more than 1.12 million people, mostly in China, but also in the United States, India, Britain, and parts of Africa. “Airdoc users are all over the world.  We hope our deep learning technology can prevent all kinds of disease.”

China, with a population of 1.3 billion, only has about 1,100 eye doctors who are qualified to analyze retinal images. So, the challenge of providing adequate diagnostic services is truly massive – and perhaps no more so than for the epidemic of diabetes.

Authorities estimate as many as 114 million Chinese have diabetes – but only 30 percent of them know that. The other 70 percent are unaware and, without early detection, will eventually be struck down with serious maladies, like blindness, strokes and other potentially fatal conditions.

“Diabetic retinopathy, or DR, is one of the most common and serious complications of diabetes. Once patients feel symptoms, they are already in a severe stage of DR and will go blind without proper treatment,” says Dr. Rui Li Wei (pictured in top image) of Shanghai’s Changzheng Hospital, one of several major medical institutions that now routinely uses Airdoc’s technology as a quick, accurate, and simple diagnostic tool.

Box Skills Kit to hit market soon in general release

SAN FRANCISCO — Box Inc. said it will launch a key piece of its Box Skills AI system, with expanded capabilities for customers to build and train their own AI-based content management tools in December 2018.

In addition to the expected commercial release of Box Skills Kit, the cloud content management vendor revealed new AI and workflow automation tools, Google integrations, security features and third-party app integrations at its BoxWorks 2018 conference.

A few hundred Box enterprise users have been using prefab Box Skills, the Box Skills Kit and Google integrations in private beta over the past year; the Google connections now are available in public beta.

Box also previewed a new Automations feature for workflow automation and a new data security system, Box Shield. Both are slated to be released in beta in early 2019, along with AI-driven Box Feed updates and notifications feature.

Box said Automations and an updated version of Box Tasks, with which users can assign things and deadlines to co-workers, will be out in beta in early 2019.

Activity Stream embeds third-party apps

All this came after Box unveiled Activity Stream, a collaboration system that enables users to work inside the Box platform with popular third-party apps like Slack, Salesforce and DocuSign. That product is expected to go into beta next year.

Users at the conference said they welcomed the open platform design of Activity Stream, Box’s progress on workflow automations, and the impending commercial availability of Box Skills Kit, which will include audio intelligence, video intelligence and image intelligence Skills, as well as the customization features.

The whole focus on workflow and integrations is really positive.
Rich LibbyCIO, Herbalife

“The whole focus on workflow and integrations is really positive,” said Rich Libby, CIO at natural supplements manufacturer Herbalife.

“I have all kinds of workflows that rely on Box documents where Box is not the final destination but stops along the track, so I’m excited to do that,” Libby said of using the Automations feature. “We have all kinds of contracts and agreements that we have to do offline or on email … so putting it on DocuSign will be great.”

Box highlights partner strategy

At the BoxWorks keynote, Box chief product and strategy officer Jeetu Patel  introduced speakers from Box partners like Apple, Google, Slack and ServiceNow.

BoxWorks executives meet media at BoxWorks 2018 conference
Box Inc. CEO Aaron Levie and Jeetu Patel, Box chief product officer, field media questions at BoxWorks 2018.

“In the digital workplace, what you need is a fundamentally modern set of tools to equip your users with so they can start innovating at a very different velocity,” Patel said of Box’s partner strategy. “For these tools to be effective they need to work seamlessly with your content. Regardless of the application that you the user may be working in, we want to make sure you can work with content in Box.”

Analysts said Box appears to be successfully executing a series of product advancements in a range of areas that users have been calling for, though some outstanding questions remain, particularly about the cost of Box Skills and Box Skills Kit.

The AI tools for developers work with AWS, Google, IBM and Microsoft AI, enabling users to customize and derive insights from Box content using those different engines. Users will apparently have to pay both the AI vendors for their services, as well as Box on a volume pricing basis.

Box Skills costs uncertain

“There is a lot of power in combining multiple Box features, like Skills and Automations,” said Alan Lepofsky, an analyst at Constellation Research who was at the conference at the George R. Moscone Convention Center.

“As the number of documents, images and videos stored in Box increases, the number of business use cases increases and the potential for AI goes up,” Lepofsky said. “What customers need to be aware of is these AI calls cost additional on top of Box.”

That cost does not appear to be fully worked out yet.

“The business model is actually quite simple for now. Skills Kit really just leverages our core platform, so it’s sort of a volume-based business model with the volume of data you’re moving back and forth between Box and third-party AI providers,” Box CEO Aaron Levie said in a Q&A session with reporters and analysts.

“We want to make it really, really easy to adopt Box Skills and make it easy to deploy it at scale, so we think it’s the fastest way customers are going to adopt this technology,” Levie said.

Beta user eyes commercial release

Meanwhile, a Box Skills beta user, Rich Guerra, head of application development at Farmers Insurance, said in an interview that he’s looking forward to using Box Skills Kit to develop AI applications for adjusters to enable them to work with videos and voice recording transcriptions from customers.

Farmers, which has standardized content on the Box platform, is also in the midst of a large-scale project to move legacy content from an old IBM on-premises file management system into the Box cloud.

As for Automations, “I was just texting our account rep how excited we were to take a look at that,” Guerra said. “The automation of the workflow is something we’re looking at to increase efficiency for adjusters, to make the process a lot easier.”

Box creating a cloud ecosystem

Overall, Box has done reasonably well in coordinating its far-flung product undertakings and positioning itself as a “Salesforce-like hub” of content services and collaboration, said Bola Rotibi, an analyst and research director at Creative Intellect Consulting.

“They’ve gotten a bit slicker than in the past,” Rotibi said of the orchestrated announcements on the first day of the conference.

“There are areas they can sharpen — like how much people are going to have to pay for Custom Skills — but I think they’re working behind the scenes to simplify that,” Rotibi said. “On the positive side, what I really like is the contextual integration of the third-party apps.”

For Sale – Selling my Ryzen 1700X Build without GPU

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Hi there.

I’m selling my Ryzen 1700X system as I’m upgrading to a more workstation focused build for my college work that I start in September but keeping my main GPU for my next system.

I was looking for around £600-500 for this build at least but if this could be price checked, I would greatly appreciate that. Thank you.

Specs are :
AMD Ryzen 1700X CPU 8 core CPU
Gigabyte Gaming B350 Motherboard
16GB DDR4 Corsair 3000mhz Ram
Noctua NH-U12S SE-AM4 CPU Cooler
256GB Samsung Evo 850 Solid State Drive
Phanteks P400 Case
650W EVGA Supernova G2 Gold PSU Power Supply 80+

I do have a spare old Asus Nvidia GT610 card for basic test purposes and usage.

If you’re interested in this PC, I can post using the box for the Coolermaster case I bought.
PM or comment if you are.

Price and currency: £600
Delivery: Delivery cost is included within my country
Payment method: Paypal
Location: Glasgow
Advertised elsewhere?: Advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I have no preference

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

For Sale – Selling my Ryzen 1700X Build without GPU

Hi there.

I’m selling my Ryzen 1700X system as I’m upgrading to a more workstation focused build for my college work that I start in September but keeping my main GPU for my next system.

I was looking for around £600-500 for this build at least but if this could be price checked, I would greatly appreciate that. Thank you.

Specs are :
AMD Ryzen 1700X CPU 8 core CPU
Gigabyte Gaming B350 Motherboard
16GB DDR4 Corsair 3000mhz Ram
Noctua NH-U12S SE-AM4 CPU Cooler
256GB Samsung Evo 850 Solid State Drive
Phanteks P400 Case
650W EVGA Supernova G2 Gold PSU Power Supply 80+

I do have a spare old Asus Nvidia GT610 card for basic test purposes and usage.

If you’re interested in this PC, I can post using the box for the Coolermaster case I bought.
PM or comment if you are.

Price and currency: £600
Delivery: Delivery cost is included within my country
Payment method: Paypal
Location: Glasgow
Advertised elsewhere?: Advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I have no preference

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

Cisco Viptela integrated with IOS XE on ISR, ASR

Cisco has integrated its Viptela software-defined WAN with the company’s IOS XE network operating system, effectively making the cloud-controlled SD-WAN product an option for distributing network traffic from Cisco ISR and ASR routers.

Announced this week, the integration means companies using Cisco’s legacy SD-WAN product, Intelligent WAN — often used with the Integrated Services Router (ISR) — can switch to a much simpler system. IWAN’s complexity precluded broad market adoption, so when Cisco acquired Viptela last year for $610 million, many analysts predicted the company would eventually migrate customers to Viptela.

Connecting Cisco Viptela to IOS XE adds a cloud-controlled element to IOS XE hardware through the SD-WAN product’s vManage console. The cloud-based software is the centralized component for configuration management and monitoring network traffic going to and from the ISR and Aggregation Services Router (ASR) hardware.

As a router network operating system, IOS XE includes dozens of services beyond routing and switching, such as encryption, authentication, firewall capabilities and policy enforcement.

Next for Cisco Viptela

In March, Cisco launched cloud-based predictive analytics for Viptela, called vAnalytics. The software, which companies access through vManage, provides network managers with answers to what-if scenarios.

Over the next 18 months, Cisco plans to merge vManage into DNA Center, a centralized software console for managing campus networks built on top of Cisco’s Catalyst 9000 campus switches. The integration would provide network managers with a single view of their LAN, WAN and campus networks.

Companies use SD-WAN for traffic distribution across broadband, Long Term Evolution and MPLS links connecting campuses and remote offices to the internet and the corporate data center. In the first quarter, companies refreshing their campus and branch networks contributed to a more than 5% increase year to year in 1 Gb Ethernet revenue and a nearly 16% rise in port shipments, according to IDC.

Cisco claimed organizations use more than 1 million ISR and ASR routers globally. ASR routers are designed for high-bandwidth applications, such as video streaming, while ISR systems are for small or midsize networks found in small businesses and branch offices.

For Sale – HP Z820 WORKSTATION BIG SPEC

I am parting with my ‘audio workstation’ due to changing to a more gaming orientated system instead. Its a HP Z820 in excellent condition and for those that didn’t know, this is a professional class workstation designed to run and work without any hiccups.

Specs as follows:

HP Z820

  • 2 x Intel Xeon E5-2667v2 8 Core CPU’s (16 cores / 32 threads total) 3.3Ghz base speed, 3.6Ghz all core turbo.
  • 128GB 1600Mhz ECC Registered DDR3 Memory
  • Integrated LSI RAID Controller
  • 2 x 1TB Samsung 850 EVO SATA SSD’s (I ran these in RAID 0)
  • 1 x Seagate Barracuda 4TB HDD
  • 1 spare drive bay
  • Nvidia Quadro 4000 2GB Graphics Card (2 x display port out)
  • 1125w PSU
  • Thunderbolt 2 Expansion card
  • DVD Multireader/writer

Will be supplied with a clean install of Windows 10.

This system is a powerhouse and has been used for the past 6 months as my audio workstation (pro tools, reaper, foobar music collection etc). However it must go as I wan’t to fund a lower profile gaming orientated build instead.

I also have the thunderbolt 2 add in card installed as this has been connected to my Focusrite Clarett 8PreX interface.

Thanks for looking

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Price and currency: £1500
Delivery: Goods must be exchanged in person
Payment method: Cash or Bank Transfer.
Location: Basingstoke
Advertised elsewhere?: Not advertised elsewhere
Prefer goods collected?: I prefer the goods to be collected

______________________________________________________
This message is automatically inserted in all classifieds forum threads.
By replying to this thread you agree to abide by the trading rules detailed here.
Please be advised, all buyers and sellers should satisfy themselves that the other party is genuine by providing the following via private conversation to each other after negotiations are complete and prior to dispatching goods and making payment:

  • Landline telephone number. Make a call to check out the area code and number are correct, too
  • Name and address including postcode
  • Valid e-mail address

DO NOT proceed with a deal until you are completely satisfied with all details being correct. It’s in your best interest to check out these details yourself.

Startup Arrcus aims NOS at Cisco, Juniper in the data center

Startup Arrcus has launched a highly scalable network operating system, or NOS, designed to compete with Cisco and Juniper Networks for the entire leaf-spine network in the data center.

Arrcus, based in San Jose, Calif., introduced its debut product, ArcOS, this week. Additionally, the startup announced $15 million in Series A funding from venture capital firms Clear Ventures and General Catalyst.

ArcOS, which has Debian Open Network Linux at its core, enters a crowded market of companies offering stand-alone network operating systems for switching and routing, as well as systems of integrated software and hardware. The latter is a strength of traditional networking companies, such as Cisco and Juniper.

While Arrcus has some catching up to do against its rivals, no company has taken a dominating share of the NOS-only market, said Shamus McGillicuddy, an analyst at Enterprise Management Associates (EMA), based in Boulder, Colo. The majority of vendors count customers in the tens or hundreds at most.

Many companies testing pure-open source operating systems today are likely candidates for commercial products. Vendors, however, must first prove the technology is reliable and fits the requirements of a corporate data center.

“Arrcus has a chance to capture a share of the data center operators that are still thinking about disaggregation,” McGillicuddy said. Disaggregation refers to the separation of the NOS from the underlying hardware.

ArcOS hardware support

Arrcus has built its own routing stack that is highly scalable, so it’s ideal for covering the entire leaf-and-spine network.
Shamus McGillicuddyanalyst, Enterprise Management Associates

Arrcus supports ArcOS on Broadcom chipsets and white box hardware from Celestica, Delta Electronics, Edgecore Networks and Quanta Computer. The approved chipsets are the StrataDNX Jericho+ and StrataXGS Trident 3, Trident 2 and Tomahawk. Architecturally, ArcOS can operate on other silicon and hardware, but the vendor does not support those configurations.

ArcOS is a mix of open source and proprietary software. The company, for example, uses its version of router protocols, including Border Gateway Protocol, Intermediate System to Intermediate System, Multiprotocol Label Switching and Open Shortest Path First.

“Arrcus has built its own routing stack that is highly scalable, so it’s ideal for covering the entire leaf-and-spine network,” McGillicuddy said. “The routing scalability also gives Arrcus the ability to do some sophisticated traffic engineering.”

The more sophisticated uses for ArcOS include internet peering for internet service providers and makers of content delivery networks, according to Devesh Garg, CEO at Arrcus. “We feel ArcOS can be used anywhere.”

ArcOS analytics

Arrcus is also providing analytics for monitoring and optimizing the performance and security of switching and routing, McGillicuddy said. The company has based its analytics on the control plane and data plane telemetry streamed from the NOS.

Because a lot of other NOS vendors lack analytics, “Arrcus is emerging with a more complete solution from an operational standpoint,” McGillicuddy said. According to EMA research, many enterprises want embedded analytics in their network infrastructure.

Today, a hardware-agnostic NOS is mostly used by the largest of financial institutions, cloud service providers, and internet and telecommunication companies, analysts said. Tackling networking through disaggregated hardware and software typically requires a level of IT sophistication not found in mainstream enterprises.

Nevertheless, companies find the concept attractive because of the promise of cheaper hardware, faster innovation and less dependence on a single vendor. As a result, the use of a stand-alone NOS is gaining some traction.

Last year, for example, Gartner included NOS makers in its Magic Quadrant for Data Center Networking for the first time. Big Switch Networks and Cumulus Networks met the criteria for inclusion in the “visionaries” quadrant, along with VMware and Dell EMC.

Salesforce Datorama acquisition to bolster Marketing Cloud

The Salesforce Datorama acquisition is expected to enhance the Salesforce Marketing Cloud system and better compete with Adobe — the CRM software vendor’s main competitor in the marketing space.

The Salesforce Datorama acquisition marks the fourth purchase for the vendor this year, following its acquisitions of Attic Labs, CloudCraze and MuleSoft. The cost of buying Datorama, according to reports, was about $800 million.

Datorama uses AI and machine learning to provide marketing intelligence and analytics to help organizations identify which campaigns work best and what the next best marketing tactic should be. Salesforce appears to be looking to the Israel-based company’s technology to bolster its Einstein AI-backed business intelligence software.

The move will strengthen Salesforce’s portfolio in marketing and analytics, said Ray Wang, principal analyst and founder of Constellation Research.

“Datorama looks at every piece of analytics around the campaign to figure out why one was more successful than another. Salesforce has been building out its Marketing Cloud and [has] been doing specific acquisitions to bolster its marketing and ad-tech capabilities,” Wang said.

Not all observers think the Salesforce Datorama acquisition was the best move to help with marketing analytics.

Datorama customers have used the product more for reporting, rather than analytics, according to Tina Moffett, senior analyst at Forrester Research.

“Datorama’s strong suit is in its ability to connect disparate data sources — from Facebook and ad servers and email providers — into one central system, and it uses AI to do that,” Moffett said. “A lot of the organizations that we’ve talked to use Datorama as a central reporting and dashboard tool.”

Building capabilities through acquisition

When you see this acquisition, you have to think the next thing for Salesforce is ad tech.
Ray Wangprincipal analyst and founder of Constellation Research

Salesforce has been visibly working to improve Marketing Cloud and has done so mainly through acquisitions.

That campaign started with acquiring ExactTarget in 2013 and turning it into the core Marketing Cloud system. Salesforce then bought Krux in 2016 to improve Marketing Cloud’s data management capabilities and soon renamed Krux to Salesforce DMP.

Salesforce’s acquisition of Datorama AI marketing software fits the same theme, but the purchase may have surprised some.

“Salesforce’s [approach] is to build capabilities through acquisitions,” Moffett said. “For them to focus on marketing performance measurement and then acquire a company wasn’t that big of a shock. I think what was a big of a surprise was that it was Datorama.”

Surprise or not, Salesforce appears to have big plans for Datorama.

“Salesforce’s acquisition of Datorama will enhance Salesforce’s Marketing Cloud with expanded data integration, intelligence and analytics, enabling marketers to unlock insights across Salesforce data and the myriad of technologies used in today’s marketing and consumer engagement ecosystem,” Ran Sarig, Datorama CEO and co-founder, wrote in a blog post.

Meanwhile, Wang said he could see the Salesforce Datorama acquisition laying the groundwork for another Salesforce product: an advertising cloud.

“When you see this acquisition, you have to think the next thing for Salesforce is ad tech,” Wang said.

Salesforce graphic with Marketing Cloud logo
Salesforce acquired Datorama, an AI marketing analytics company, to help bolster its Marketing Cloud (pictured).

Salesforce sets sights on Adobe

Salesforce’s focus on strengthening Marketing Cloud also is apparently aimed at Adobe — another marketing software giant.

The two software goliaths have battled fiercely in recent years, and the Salesforce Datorama acquisition should be viewed in the context of that technological arms race, Wang said.

“From a Marketing Cloud perspective, it’s Salesforce and Google versus Microsoft and Adobe, and that’s what people need to recognize when considering their investments,” he said.

The big tech leaders all are trying to make it easier for organizations to connect the dozens of marketing tools that most large enterprises use.

“The bigger issue is the fact that most organizations run 40 to 50 martech solutions and want to know how to consolidate [their data],” Wang said. “Everyone is looking for one vendor to make this easier, and the integrations that Datorama has are important and allow you to connect those different pieces.”

Vendor admits election systems included remote software

Election system security was compromised by the installation of remote access software on systems over the span of six years, a vendor admitted in a letter to a senator.

Election Systems & Software (ES&S), a voting machine manufacturer based in Omaha, Neb., admitted it installed the flawed PCAnywhere remote access software on its election management system (EMS) workstations for a “small number of customers between 2000 and 2006,” according to a letter sent to Sen. Ron Wyden (D-Ore.) that was obtained by Motherboard.

The PCAnywhere source code was stolen from Symantec servers in 2006, leaving the software vulnerable, and further issues in 2012 caused Symantec to suggest users uninstall the program before officially putting PCAnywere to its end of life in 2014.

ES&S had previously denied knowledge of the use of remote access software on its election management systems, but told Wyden about the vulnerable software that could have put voting machine security at risk. ES&S wrote that it stopped installing the PCAnywhere software in December 2007 due to new policies enacted by the Election Assistance Commission regarding voting machine security.

Gene Shablygin, CEO and founder of WWPass, an identity and access management company based in Manchester, N.H., said the actions by ES&S were “pretty consistent with the overall state of computer security” for the time.

“Today, these technologies and general approaches are totally unacceptable, and must be completely reworked. The last decade especially, was the period of explosive growth of hacking technologies, and the defensive side of many systems was left in the dust. So, most of the systems that are still in use — and voting systems are no exception — have multiple vulnerabilities, some of which are zero-day, or not yet discovered,” Shablygin wrote via email. “You can’t stop progress, and sooner or later, remote voting will become a matter of everyday life.”

Lane Thames, senior security researcher at Tripwire, agreed that the failures of ES&S with election system security shouldn’t be surprising, “especially during the 2000 to 2007 timeframe when cybersecurity was hardly ever on the roadmap for companies producing computing systems.”

“Another concerning point is the underlying arguments that imply the devices built from 2000 to 2007 are still in use. As with many critical infrastructure systems, costs can prohibit frequent hardware refresh cycles,” Thames wrote via email. “As such, many voting machines are likely to contain older operating systems and other software with many vulnerabilities due to these systems not being able to be updated with operating system patches and such. This is a challenging problem we face with all of our critical infrastructure, with very few good solutions at this time.”

ES&S did not respond to requests for comment and it is unclear if the affected election systems were ever fixed or if they are still in use.

Fixing voting machine security

Voting machine security was already proved to be in a troubling state after hackers at Defcon 2016 were able to crack all systems tested within just a few days.

Every system charged with securing our government’s processes … should be open to large security audits.
Jonathan SanderCTO, Stealthbits Technologies

Sean Newman, director of product management at Corero Network Security, said the news about PCAnywhere will make “little difference” in the likelihood of finding other election system security issues.

“They run software and, if they have any kind of internet connectivity, even for managing the voting system/process itself, then there’s a reasonable chance that vulnerabilities exist, which could provide unauthorized users with the ability to have an impact on the normal operation of the system,” Newman wrote via email. “The focus should be for vendors, like ES&S, to ensure they use secure coding practices to develop the software for such systems and avoid any need to expose such systems to the public Internet.”

Jonathan Sander, CTO at Stealthbits Technologies, noted that government “pressures to do everything cheaply and with world class, state actor proof security are in tension” when it comes to election system security and outside audits are needed.

“Every system charged with securing our government’s processes — a.k.a. protecting our collective benefit — should be open to large security audits. To sell anything to the federal government you need to go through tons of certifications. But that’s not enough,” Sander wrote via email. “Bug bounties to get the hacker community to find vulnerabilities, open review at a source level for all solutions to be used in government, and mandatory standards for any remote access features should be table stakes for putting in systems like this.”

Thames notes that a major issue is that “although the U.S. electoral infrastructure is part of the nation’s critical infrastructure, it is still largely up to local and state agencies to ultimately enforce security of the systems.”

“Herein lies another challenging problem. Local and state agencies likely have little to no expertise or budget for securing their voting systems. Every time I go to the voting polls, I see mostly volunteers with a few dedicated staff. Most volunteers at the polls will not have experience with cyber and/or physical security issues related to voting machines,” Thames wrote. “Moreover, the nation already has a significant deficit for staffing our cyber security departments, in both government and industry. Funding will likely need to be increased, somehow, for local and state government agencies in order to provide adequate security for our voting systems.”