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The Latest Updates from Windows Server 2019 Development

**Webinar Announcement**

Want to know all about the full version of Windows Server 2019 upon its release? Join our upcoming free webinar What’s New in Windows Server 2019 on October 3rd to learn from the experts about all the new updates as well as a closer look at the standout features.

Windows Server 2019 free webinar from Altaro

The webinar will be presented live twice on the day at 2pm CEST/8am EDT/5am PDT and at 7pm CEST/1pm EDT/10am PDT to cater for our audiences on both sides of the pond. The content will be the same so feel free to join whichever time slot suits you best. Both webinars are live so bring your questions to ask our experts anything you want to know about Windows Server 2019!

Save my Seat for the webinar!

The Current State of Affairs – Windows Server 2019 Updates

Microsoft’s Windows Server teams have been hard at work on preparing 2019 for release. They’ve already given us several new features over the past few months. As we approach the unveiling of the final product, the preview release cadence accelerates as long-term projects begin to wrap up. Where we previously covered one build per article, I now have three separate builds to report on (17733, 17738, and 17744). We’ve got a raft of new features as well as multiple refinements geared toward a polished end product.

The Final Stages

If you haven’t yet started trying out Windows Server 2019 previews but have been thinking about it, I don’t think there will be a better time. There’s always a chance that some new major feature has yet to be announced, but there are more than enough now to keep you busy for a while. If you’re thinking about becoming an expert on the product for employability or sales purposes, if you’re planning to release software for the new platform, or if you intend to adopt Windows Server 2019 early on, this is the time to get into the program. Get your feedback and bug reports into the system now while it’s still relatively easy to incorporate.

Microsoft has been asking for two things all along that have increased in importance:

  • In-place upgrades: Wouldn’t you like to just hop to the next version of Windows Server without going through a painful data migration? If so, try it out on a test system. Microsoft has done a great deal of work trying to make Windows Server 2019 upgrade friendly. I’ve had some mixed experiences with it so far. They can only make it better if we tell them where it fails.
  • Application compatibility: I would prioritize application compatibility testing, especially for software developers and administrators responsible for irreplaceable line-of-business applications. Windows Server 2019 introduces major changes to the way Windows Server has operated nearly since its introduction. You need to be prepared.

How to Join the Windows Server Insider Program

To get involved, simply sign up on the Windows Server Insiders page. Unlike the Windows [Desktop] Insiders program, you don’t need to use up a licensed server instance. Windows Server Insider builds use their own keys. You can try out features and report any problems or positive experiences to a special forum just for Insiders. Be aware that the builds are time-bombed, so you will only be able to keep one running for a few months. This software is not built for production use.

Remember that even after Windows Server 2019 goes live, the Insider program will continue. You’ll have the opportunity to preview and help shape the future of LTSC and SAC builds beyond 2019. However, I expect that the Windows Server teams will turn their attention toward the next SAC release after 2019 goes gold, meaning that you likely won’t be getting new GUI-enabled builds until they start working on the post-2019 LTSC release.

Official Release Statements

You can read Microsoft’s notices about each of the builds mentioned in this article:

Summary of Features in Windows Server 2019 Builds 17733, 17738, and 17744

New features included in these builds:

  • Support for HTTP/2
  • Support for Cubic (a “congestion control provider” that helps regulate TCP traffic)
  • Software Defined Networking (SDN) right in Windows Server and controlled by Windows Admin Center — no VMM necessary!
  • SDN high-performance gateways
  • Distributed Cluster Name Objects — allows a CNO to simultaneously hold an IP from each node rather than present a single IP across the entire cluster
  • Specialized bus support for Windows Server containers grants containers the ability to directly utilize SPI, I2C, GPIO, and UART/COM
  • Failover Clustering no longer requires NTLM
  • SMB 1.0 is now disabled by default
  • Windows Subsystem for Linux is part of the build
  • Windows Defender Advanced Threat Protection has been rolled in
  • Windows Server 2019 images ship with version 4.7 of the .Net Framework

Summary of Updated Features in Windows Server 2019 Builds 17733, 17738, and 17744

The following features were previously introduced, but received significant updates in these builds:

  • Cluster Sets: A “cluster set” is essentially a cluster of clusters. They address the scalability limits of clusters without making many changes on the cluster level; smaller organizations can use clusters as they always have while larger organizations can employ new benefits. Build 17733 adds new enhancements for virtual machine placement on hyper-converged cluster sets.
  • Windows Admin Center provides greater control over Hyper-V

Refinements in Windows Server 2019 Builds 17733, 17738, and 17744

Not everything is a feature; sometimes things just need to work better or differently. Microsoft did a few things during the preview cycles that would be inappropriate for a release product. These builds include some of those corrections.

  • The Hyper-V Server SKU no longer needs a product key. This does not mean that you can or should use a preview release of Hyper-V Server 2019 indefinitely.
  • You will now be asked to change your password at initial post-install sign in.
  • Changes to branding during the installation process.

Additional Reading on Windows Server 2019 Updates

We have a lot going on now with Windows Server 2019, but it’s just the leading edge of a long march of new features and improvements. A few links to help you get caught up:

Spend some time discovering and reading up on the new features. There is something in there for just about everyone.

Thoughts on Windows Server 2019 Builds 17733, 17738, and 17744

Overall, my greatest feeling on these builds is excitement — we’re seeing the clear signs that we’re closing in on the final release. I do have a few thoughts on some of the specific features.

Standard Networking Enhancements

I’ve followed a number of these enhancements closely. The HTTP/2 and LEDBAT demonstrations are impressive to watch. I have not yet seen any presentations on Cubic, but it certainly holds a great of promise. Even in my private home systems, I’ve long wanted a way to shape the way that various networking activities utilize my available networking bandwidth.

Hyper-V Networking Enhancements

Modifying the software-defined networking feature so that it can be controlled without VMM or a third-party tool is a huge step. Cloud and hosting providers have great use for SDN, as do large organizations that strain the limits of VLANs. However, SDN provides more than scalability. It also allows for a high degree of isolation. We’ve been able to use private Hyper-V virtual switches for isolation, but those become difficult to use for multiple VMs, especially in clusters. Now, anyone can use SDN.

Specialized Bus Support

Server virtualization solves multiple problems, but we still have a few barriers to virtual-only deployments. Hardware peripherals remain right at the top of those problems. The new bus functionality included in Windows Server containers may present a solution. It won’t be full virtualization, of course. It will, however, grant the ability to run a hardware-dependent container on a general-purpose host.

I should point out that this feature is designed around IoT challenges. We may or may not be able to fit it into existing hardware challenges.

Security Enhancements

If you look through the multitude of feature notes, you’ll find multiple points of hardening in Windows Server 2019. I welcomed two new particular changes in these recent builds:

  • SMB 1.0 disabled by default. Newer features of SMB eclipse version 1.0 in every imaginable way. First and foremost, the security implications of using SMB 1.0 can no longer be ignored. Through 2016, Windows and Windows Server made SMB 1.0 passively available because Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, and some applications require it. Now that Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 have been out of support for several years, Microsoft no longer has any native reason to continue supporting SMB 1.0 by default. If you still have software vendors hanging on to the ’90s, they’ll have to go through extra steps to continue their archaic ways.
  • End of NTLM requirement for Failover Clustering. NTLM is relatively easy to break with modern technologies. Realistically, a cluster’s inter-node communications should be isolated from general network access anyway. However, that does not diminish our need to secure as much as possible. It’s good to see NTLM removed from cluster communications.

Windows Admin Center Enhancements for Hyper-V

I spent some time going through the 1808 version of Windows Admin Center release and noted several changes. The current state of WAC for Hyper-V deserves its own article. However, it would appear that Microsoft has been working on the user experience of this tool. Furthermore, WAC has additional control points over Hyper-V. It’s still not my interface of choice for Hyper-V, but it continues to improve.

Next Steps

I’ll continue bringing news of builds as they release, of course. I would recommend becoming directly acquainted with the advancements in Windows Server 2019 as soon as you can. At this stage of Windows Server’s maturation, new features are complicated enough that they’ll take time to learn. The sooner you get started, the less catch-up you’ll have to look forward to later. Of course, during our October webinar on Windows Server 2019 we will have all the details on the final version of all the features in all these builds – and more! Make sure to save your seat now and don’t miss out on that event!

If you are looking through these enhancements and testing things for yourself, are there any features here that you are most excited about? Anything you feel is over-the-top amazing? Anything you feel is lack-luster? Let us know in the comments section below!

Thank for reading!

This post is part of a series on Windows Server 2019 builds leading up to the release in late 2018. Read more about the release here:

These 3 New Features in Windows Server 2019 Could be Game Changers

Windows Server 2019 Preview: What’s New and What’s Cool

Sneak peek: Windows Server 2019 Insider Preview Build 17666

What’s New in Windows Server 2019 Insider Preview Build 17692

Curious About Windows Server 2019? Here’s the Latest Features Added

13 Questions Answered on the Future of Hyper-V

Following our hugely popular panel webinar discussing “3 Emerging Technologies that will Change the Way you use Hyper-V” we’ve decided to bring together all of the questions asked during both sessions (we hold 2 separate webinar sessions on the same topic to accommodate our European and American audiences) into one article with some extended answers to address the issue of what’s around the corner for Hyper-V and related technologies.

Let’s get started!

questions from the webinar 3 emerging technologies that will change the way you use hyper-v

The Questions

Question 1: Do you think IT Security is going to change as more and more workloads move into the cloud?

Answer: Absolutely! As long as we’re working with connected systems, no matter where they are located, we will always have to worry about security. 1 common misconception though is that just because a workload is housed inside of Microsoft Azure, doesn’t mean that it’s LESS secure. Public cloud platforms have been painstakingly setup from the ground up with the help of security experts in the industry. You’ll find that if best practices are followed, and rules of least access and just-in-time administration are followed, the public cloud is a highly secure platform.

Question 2: Do you see any movement to establish a global “law” of data security/restrictions that are not threatened by local laws (like the patriot act)?

Answer: Until all countries of the world are on the same page, I just don’t see this happening. The US treats data privacy in a very different way than the EU unfortunately. The upcoming General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) coming in may of 2018 is a step in the right direction, but that only applies to the EU and data traversing the boundaries of the EU. It will certainly affect US companies and organizations, but nothing similar in nature is in the works there.

Question 3: In the SMB Space, where a customer may only have a single MS Essentials server and use Office 365, do you feel that this is still something that should move to the cloud?

Answer: I think the answer to that question depends greatly on the customer and the use case. As Didier, Thomas and I discussed in the webinar, the cloud is a tool, and you have to evaluate for each case, whether it makes sense or not to run that workload in the cloud. If for that particular customer, they could benefit from those services living in the cloud with little downside, then it may be a great fit. Again, it has to make sense, technically, fiscally, and operationally, before you can consider doing so.

Question 4: What exactly is a Container?

Answer: While not the same at all, it’s often easiest to see a container as a kind of ultra-stripped down VM. A container holds an ultra-slim OS image (In the case of Nano Server 50-60 MB), any supporting code framework, such as DotNet, and then whatever application you want to run within the container. They are not the same as a VM due to the fact that Windows containers all share the kernel of the underlying host OS. However, if you require further isolation, you can do so with Hyper-V containers, which allows you to run a container within an optimized VM so you can take advantage of Hyper-V’s isolation capabilities.

Question 5: On-Premises Computing is Considered to be a “cloud” now too correct?

Answer: That is correct! In my view, the term cloud doesn’t refer to a particular place, but to the new technologies and software-defined methods that are taking over datacenters today. So you can refer to your infrastructure on-prem as “private cloud”, and anything like Azure or AWS as “Public Cloud”. Then on top of that anything that uses both is referred to as “Hybrid Cloud”.

Question 6: What Happens when my client goes to the cloud and they lose their internet service for 2 weeks.

Answer: The cloud, just like any technology solution, has its shortcomings that can be overcome if planned for properly. If you have mission critical service you’d like to host in the cloud, then you’ll want to research ways for the workload to be highly available. That would include a secondary internet connection from a different provider or some way to make that workload accessible from the on-prem location if needed. Regardless of where the workload is, you need to plan for eventualities like this.

Question 7: What Happened to Azure Pack?

Answer: Azure Pack is still around and usable, it will just be replaced by Azure stack at some point. In the meantime, there are integrations available that allow you to manage both solutions from your Azure Stack management utility.

Question 8: What about the cost of Azure Stack? What’s the entry point?

Answer: This is something of a difficult question. Ranges that I’ve heard range from 75k to 250k, depending on the vendor and the load-out. You’ll want to contact your preferred hardware vendor for more information on this question.

Question 9: We’re a hosting company, is it possible to achieve high levels of availability with Azure Stack?

Answer: Just like any technology solution, you can achieve the coveted 4 9s of availability. The question is how much money do you want to spend? You could do so with Azure stack and the correct supporting infrastructure. However, one other thing to keep in mind, your SLA is only as good as your supporting vendors as well. For example, if you sell 4 9s as an SLA, and the internet provider for your datacenter can only provide 99%, then you’ve already broken your SLA, so something to keep in mind there.

Question 10: For Smaller businesses running Azure Stack, should software vendors assume these businesses will look to purchase traditionally on-prem software solutions that are compatible with this? My company’s solution does not completely make sense for the public cloud, but this could bridge the gap. 

Answer: I think for most SMBs, Azure Stack will be fiscally out of reach. In Azure Stack you’re really paying for a “Cloud Platform”, and for most SMBs it will make more sense to take advantage of public Azure if those types of features are needed. that said, to answer your question, there are already vendors doing this. Anything that will deploy on public Azure using ARM will also deploy easily on Azure Stack.

Question 11: In Azure Stack, can I use any backup software and backup the VM to remote NAS storage or to AWS

Answer: At release, there is no support for 3rd party backup solutions in Azure Stack. Right now there is a built-in flat file backup and that is it. I suspect that it will be opened up to third-party vendors at some point in time and it will likely be protected in much the same way as public Azure resources.

Question 12: How would a lot of these services be applied to the K-12 education market? There are lots of laws that require data to be stored in the same country. Yet providers often host in a different country. 

Answer: If you wanted to leverage a providers Azure stack somewhere, you would likely have to find one that actually hosts it in the geographical region you’re required to operate in. Many hosters will provide written proof of where the workload is hosted for these types of situations.

Question 13: In planning to move to public Azure, how many Azure cloud Instances would I need?

Answer: There is no hard set answer for this. It depends on the number of VMs/Applications and whether you run them in Azure as VMs or in Azure’s PaaS fabric. The Azure Pricing Calculator will give you an idea of VM sizes and what services are available.

Did we miss something?

If you have a question on the future of Hyper-v or any of the 3 emerging technologies that were discussed in the webinar just post in the comments below and we will get straight back to you. Furthermore, if you asked a question during the webinar that you don’t see here, by all means, let us know in the comments section below and we will be sure to answer it here. Any follow-up questions are also very welcome – to feel free to let us know about that as well!

As always – thanks for reading!

Azure Black Belt Networking and Security Presents Microsoft Networking Academy – Fall 2017

Welcome to this new season of our networking, and now security, webinar series! We’re hoping that this show will be helpful in delivering valuable content for anyone who’s looking at starting to consume information about the Azure cloud, or developing their cloud connectivity deeper with Azure.

A Microsoft Network Academy (#MNA) session is taking place every 4 weeks, on Fridays, this fall. It is open to customers, partners and Microsoft employees who want to learn more about Azure Networking, including ExpressRoute, Virtual Networking, and security — such as how to plan and design their connectivity to the Microsoft cloud, as well as the various security elements surrounding Azure.

MNA will typically be delivered in two formats, depending on the episodes, partner-focused sessions, and deep dive sessions. In both formats, there will be an open Q&A session at the end, where customers can “ask the experts”. Content and partner speakers will vary for each session, but the general agenda is as follows:

Partner-focused sessions

  • Azure Networking fundamentals (10 minutes)
  • Deep dive topic of the week (15-20 minutes)
  • Partner spotlight of the week (15-20 minutes)
  • Q&A

Deep dive sessions

  • Introduction (5 minutes)
  • Deep dive topic of the week (35-45 minutes)
  • Q&A (10 minutes)

We will post the agenda in advance on this blog, and to our interested viewers, you can join a distribution list by sending an email to gbb-anf@microsoft.com with the subject-line “Join Microsoft Networking Academy List”. We will email you a reminder and the agenda in advance for the upcoming sessions.

We are kicking off this new season on Friday, September 22nd, 2017.

Join the Skype Meeting and make sure you don’t miss out on future sessions by adding this the series to your Outlook calendar. You can also download ICS (that’s a recurring event – don’t miss out on them, and if you can’t make it, decks and recordings will be posted below).

Here are a few links for your convenience:

Episode #11 : September 22nd – What’s new in Azure Networking and Security since this summer

  • Quick introduction and announcements (new team member!) 
  • What’s new with Azure Networking
  • What’s new with Azure Security
  • Ask the Experts Q&A!
  • Links to the deck and video recording on Channel 9 will be posted here.

Episode #12 : October 20th – Agenda to be confirmed

  • Agenda to be confirmed – but we’ll likely be discussing Ignite content… stay tuned!
  • Links to the deck and video recording on Channel 9 will be posted here

Episode #13 : November 17th – Agenda to be confirmed

  • Agenda to be confirmed.
  • Links to the deck and video recording on Channel 9 will be posted here

Episode #14 : December 15th – Agenda to be confirmed

  • Agenda to be confirmed.
  • Links to the deck and video recording on Channel 9 will be posted here

We’re open for feedback!

Feel free to send us your feedback, comments, and suggestions at GBB-ANF@microsoft.com.

-Your Friendly Azure Networking and Security Black Belt Team.

Securing Cloudera Enterprise Data Hub on Microsoft Azure | Microsoft + Open Source

Microsoft has partnered with Cloudera to bring you this exciting new free webinar – Securing Cloudera Enterprise Data Hub on Microsoft Azure. It will be held on the 23rd of August 2017, Wednesday, 9:00am IST / 11:30am SGT / 1:30pm AEST.

Securing Cloudera Enterprise Data Hub on Microsoft Azure

In this one hour live interactive webinar, we will explore:

  • Different techniques to secure your Cloudera Enterprise cluster on Azure; and
  • The benefits of deploying Cloudera Enterprise on Azure Data Lake Store easily.

As more and more customers explore the benefits of moving to the cloud, many have an increasing need for architectural guidance on the best practices for deployment in their enterprise organizations. Chief among these concerns are security and the best topology to maximize performance and reduce cost for a variety of use cases.

Cloudera’s James Morantus will discuss how to use Cloudera Director, Microsoft Active Directory, SAMBA, and SSSD to deploy a secure EDH cluster for workloads in the public Azure cloud. He will be joined by Microsoft Azure Global Black Belt, Ron Abellera who will highlight other benefits of Cloudera on Azure, and deep dive into the new integration with Azure Data Lake Store vs. other storage alternatives.

Register Now: Securing Cloudera Enterprise Data Hub on Microsoft Azure.

Also See:

ICYMI – Your weekly TL;DR

Hi developers,

Hope you had a good week. Here is your weekly ICYMI rounding up the links and blogs of the week!

The Cognitive Service API Series

Check this series out to learn about all of our new Cognitive Service APIs.

HoloLens Spectator View

Pretty cool, right?

Upcoming Flexera Webinar

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